The rubber plant care houseplant
Ficus is one of the most common houseplants that are related to the mulberry family. The birthplace of ficus are the countries with a hot climate, most species found in Africa and South Asia.
In the indoor horticulture there are more than 20 species of ficus, which are very popular because of its simplicity.
They vary in size, color and shape of leaves. They may have a straight trunk and can be grown as ampelnoe plant.
Of the many types of rubber plants, the florist can choose the right plant for every taste. With the help of different types you can create beautiful floral arrangements, successfully fit into the design of the room.
Ficus room — tips on care
Location and lighting
Ficus like consistency, so before you decide on a location, you need to consider all its requirements, not to move the flower from corner to corner. Any movement may lead to dropping of leaves and a slowdown in growth.
This indoor plant likes light. A species of ficus with variegated leaves should be placed in well-lit areas. If the rubber plant has dark green leaves, you can place it in a darker corner.
Low light not much will affect his development, but he will decorate those corners where they don’t grow other plants.
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A large number of different species of ficus implies different conditions for their content. Most species in summer grows well and develops at a temperature of 25-27°C.
Rubber plants with hard leaves can easily endure exposure to bright sunlight. The species of colorful and delicate letters definitely need in the summer pritenyat from direct sunlight.
In winter, many types of ficus require a temperature of 16-20°C., although individual instances can easily tolerate a reduction to 8°C.
At this time of the year to protect the plant from hypothermia earthen clod on the windowsill, otherwise the flower room is easily reset their beautiful leaves.
Watering and humidity
They like moisture, especially in spring and summer, when there is development and growth of the plant. But should not be abused by frequent waterings. Topsoil must dry out.
In the winter stop frequent water treatments. For the normal development of plants at this time of year is enough 1 irrigation for 10 days.
High humidity also is an essential component for normal growth and development of ficus. In the summer, during the heat, and in winter, when the heating is on, and requires frequent spraying plants.
Loves ficus and shower, especially the contrast (warm and cool water). It should be remembered that ampelnye species require more moisture, due to proximity of roots to the surface of the earth.
Ficus is very responds well to fertilization, especially in the period of active growth. In spring and summer it is necessary to feed the plant different fertilizer for decorative-deciduous plants, 1 time per two weeks.
You can fertilize plants with ashes or infusion of green herbs such as nettle, dandelion, yarrow.
In autumn and winter feeding to reduce to 1 time per month. After transplantation to a new soil, there is no need for additional application of fertilizers for 3-4 months.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplanting adult plants should be conducted 1 every two years, definitely in the spring. While the container should be 3-4 cm longer than the previous one.
It is not necessary to transplant the plant into too large a pot, the ficus will not like it and may lead to waterlogging earthen coma and death of the plant.
As the soil used purchase land specifically for figs, or mixed in the same proportions of sand, peat and leaf mold.
Best of all, all types of ficus multiply apical cuttings. For this you need to carefully cut at an angle of 45 degrees to the handle, leaving it three large sheet. If some species has small leaves, the stalk should have a length of 12-15 cm.
Cut to process into charcoal or stimulator of root formation and put it in the water. The container must be opaque. After 14 days we could see little white roots.
Pests and fight with them
Most often, the species of ficus are attacked by spider mites, mealybug and scale insects. To combat these pests, the recommended insecticides that effectively help in the fight against pests.
The most popular are aktellik, actar, Malathion and many other drugs that in a large assortment of flower shops.
To combat scale insects and mealybugs you can use the old folk method and wipe the plant leaves with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol.