The Myrtle (Myrtus) — care at home
The Myrtle (Myrtus) is a genus of evergreen woody plants consists of about 30-40 species, which belongs to the family Myrtaceae (Myrtles).
Blossoms with fluffy white flowers.
Myrtle contain an essential oil that has antimicrobial activity.
The Myrtle (Myrtus) in the home — care tips
Location and lighting
Myrtle belongs to the lovers of bright ambient light, therefore, the most favorable is its placement in the southern, Western or Eastern Windows.
The plant requires protection from sunlight. When placing Myrtle in the North can be quite scarce its flowering because of the lack of lighting.
In the summer it is recommended to make a pot plant on fresh air, you can bring to the country.
Myrtle prefers to grow in terms of coolness, so in the spring and summer, the optimum temperature of the content of 18-22°C, and during winter must be kept at a temperature not exceeding 10°C, and even better if it is in the range of 5-6 degrees.
When wintering plants in warmer environments possible leaf drop. Myrtle belongs to the types that are not afraid and even like drafts. It should be protected only from much frosty air flow, as it is fraught with frostbite.
Watering and humidity
When watering Myrtle at home to make sure that the soil does not dry out even on top, but the stagnation of water in the pot should not be allowed.
With insufficient watering the tree may lose leaves, while excessive, possibly a root rot and death of plants. Water for irrigation should use a soft and well-defended.
High humidity is required. Therefore, every day should spray the plants with soft water, and when too dry air is to place potted trees on trays filled with wet moss, gravel, expanded clay or sand.
Fertilizing should be done in the spring and summer every week the fertilizer complexes for houseplants. Winter feeding do not hold.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplant Myrtle, like most plants in the spring. Young plants need annual transplant, older – every 3-5 years.
The size of the pot should be such that by watering in the morning, the ground remained wet until the evening and doesn’t dry out.
Mirt in the home can be propagated by seeds or cuttings, but cuttings only provides support for culture.
Cuttings, the length of which should be about 10 cm, cut from young healthy plants «planted» in a moist mixture of sand with peat and covered with a polyethylene or banks to maintain moisture.
Rooting occurs in 2 to 4 weeks. To enhance the process can be treated cuttings rooting stimulants.
During the multiplication of seeds sown on the wet, treated with a fungicide mixture of sand with peat and lightly covered the same substrate.
The container is then covered with glass or plastic to maintain humidity. Periodically it needs to be watered and to carry out airing.
Seeds germinate in about 1-2 weeks. Dive into individual pots is carried out with the appearance of a pair of leaves.
Pests and fight with them
Mirt is subjected to damage by scale insects, whiteflies, thrips, mealybugs and aphids.
To deal with the first four pests used the treatment in the form of spraying and watering «Aktara» weekly for months.
To rid the plant from aphids, enough to double treatment.