The Laurel — home care
The Laurel is an evergreen or deciduous tree that can reach heights of up to 12 meters.
It has flexible and smooth trunk with branches covered with dark gray rough bark.
The leaves grow in length from 5 to 20 centimeters and a width of 4 to 6 inches.
Apparently they are a oblong — oval, regular whole — extreme or spaced — serrate leaves on petioles, the top are dark green and shiny surface, and the bottom matte.
The Laurel blooms with small flowers of a light shade with a large number of stamens, clustered in erect racemes length of 13 — 23 cm. The fruit grows in the form of a drupe smooth, rounded shape.
It is important to know that her ankle is poisonous because it contains hydrocyanic acid. The fruit is pink — white to black, with a white or bluish — white crumb. It blooms from April to may and fruits ripen in early summer.
Types of Laurel
The Laurel has more than 400 species of plants. In our climate it is deciduous tree. Among the large selection of varieties of this tree it is possible to allocate three most common:
Portuguese is a large shrub or small tree. It is characterized by slow growth and the leaves have a pointed shape with red petioles. Flowering occurs in mid-July. After ripening, the fruits become yellowish in color.
Lozitska — this also is a large shrub or tree, sometimes reaching a height of 5 meters. This is a fairly heat-loving plant that requires a permeable soil, but without excessive moisture.
Medicinal — a more dynamic look, winter hardy and shade tolerant, but it grows poorly on dry soil. This Laurel is well adapted to pruning and looks beautiful during flowering. Suitable for indoor growing.
Growing cherry Laurel
Laurel is usually planted in the open ground or in containers on terraces. This plant should be transplanted in October or in early spring when the soil is dense and moist.
When growing in containers use a substrate consisting of fertile soil and peat. The positive side to this method of cultivation is that it does not need in the future to transplant, you just replace the top layer with the new one.
It also won’t hurt adding fertilizer complex. Showering is recommended immediately after transplant into the soil in periods of drought. The plant is well resistant to temperature fluctuations.
The Laurel propagated in several ways: by seed, layers and softwood cuttings. Propagation by seed requires the seed sown immediately after ripening of the fruit, as their long-term storage reduces germination.
Layering is divided into several options: arcuate, horizontal and vertical.
Reproduction green cuttings is the most complex. It is not lignified shoots in early summer, cut and divide the cuttings with a length of 10 to 12 inches, removing all the leaves except the top.
Cuttings planted in the greenhouse in a certain soil mix, deepening down not more than 3 inches.
Pests and diseases
The most common disease is considered to be powdery mildew of grapes, which is manifested in the form of spots on the leaves.
To get rid of it easily, only treating preparations based on sulfur or fungicides. As for pests, in addition to thrushes they are not marked.