The cultivation of sweet bell peppers
Gardeners know a great variety of peppers, but the advantage in cultivation give Bulgarian sweet pepper due to its valuable nutritional properties.
Especially high in vegetable pepper vitamin C content is here ahead of citrus.
But in order to obtain good yields, the cultivation of pepper should be rules for farming.
The main thing – to choose the right bed
Bell pepper culture is delicate, so choose under cultivation are protected from drafts place with lots of sunlight.
If the plot has already been used for vegetable garden, you should know, what predecessors it is impossible to plant sweet pepper is potato, eggplant, and tomatoes.
Pay special attention to the composition of the soil – it should have a neutral reaction, at least, slightly acidic. But if the earth at the site of alkaline, is from autumn to gisowatt.
Be careful with the use of nitrogen fertilizers on black soils they are best completely avoided. Don’t like peppers and chlorine-containing fertilizers. Organic preference give bird droppings, completely eliminating manure.
Growing peppers in the open ground seedlings primarily due to warm-weather crops (seeds needed for growth temperatures above 150C).
Start to grow seedlings of pepper already in early February to get an early harvest of the fruit. Do it in a warm room, but later the seedlings can be grown in heated greenhouses.
Since pepper does not like direct, first seeds should be planted in peat or paper cups. They have the same seedlings transplanted in the open ground. And this should be done when the bushes reach 2 months of age.
To the culture was comfortable on the bed, you must withstand the following planting scheme:
— the seedling is planted at a distance of 25 cm from each other in the same row;
— the distance between rows maintain not less than half a meter.
Particularly care for bell peppers
To achieve a good harvest, take care of culture in compliance with the basic requirements.
- Watering regularly until harvest. First time abundant when transplanting into the ground. The second in 5 days. And then — weekly (when natural rainfall in 10 days). Subsequent irrigations are conducted after each mass harvest.
- Fertilizing peppers should also be regular. 1-I – 14 days after sending the seedlings to the garden; 2 – during fruit formation; 3-I – 3 weeks after the 2nd. Use phosphorous and potash fertilizers.
- Weeding and cultivation of beds shall be held as education on sustainable soil crust.