The cultivation of apricots in the garden at the cottage
Apricots are very useful and therefore, their cultivation is the goal of many gardeners lovers.
But it turns out in our temperate climates, this crop can be successfully grown.
This plant is rather capricious and is afraid of strong frosts.
But if you will be patient and will not rush to uprooting during the winter frost-injured trees, in 98 cases out of a hundred the roots will begin to sprout. Then the new tree will be stronger and more adapted to the cold weather.
The apricot blooms very early and usually fruiting in late June – early July. In our climate most often used for planting the ordinary apricot.
Trunk height can reach him 12 meters in height. Fruit trees until the third or fourth years after planting.
To plant apricots, preferably in well-lit areas with South-facing garden and only in the spring.
In the process of growing it is necessary to watch that the soil does not vapiwala. Otherwise the tree may die. The distance between them should be 3-3.5 meters.
The depth and width of the pit may vary depending on the size of the seedlings. The fact that the planting of apricots has its secrets. I usually do so.
Choose a special small area in the southern garden and planted a short distance a few growths or bone from the large and ripe apricots right kind.
After 2 years, and seedlings grown from small seed distillation should again be transplanted, but in a different place.
But since this place won’t be permanent, drop them off at a distance of only a meter away from each other.
Two years later, the seedlings can be planted in their permanent place of residence, but in such a way that for successful fruiting, they need to perepylytsia.
Therefore, planting them around the perimeter of or at a distance from each other.
Rainy summer watering seedlings is not necessary, and in dry summers, irrigation is required in moderate amounts.
The fertilization should be carried out in autumn or early spring and modest. Then you can make rotted manure or humus.
From time to time it is necessary to cut out diseased or missing branches. To crown well developed.
The most winter-hardy varieties include «Kuibyshev jubilee», «Dwarf», «Khabarovsk», «Academician».
«Kuibyshev jubilee» has a six-meter trees begin to bear fruit in 4 years after planting in a permanent place. They ripen usually in July – August and have the orange color of the fruit.
«Dwarf» — this plant can be attributed to the shrubs. Green – yellow fruit is very tasty and juicy. They’re long enough not fall from the tree and they can be collected in process of maturing.
The largest fruits are varieties of «Academician» (the weight of one fruit to fifty grams) and «Khabarovsk», in which the weight of the fetus comes to thirty grams.
From apricots to make jam, jam, marmalade, liqueur, juice, compote. Dried fruits are called dried apricots and added to the pilaf, porridge, muesli, compotes, pies.
And 150 grams of fresh apricots replaced by 250 grams of beef liver, which is usually used after surgery and in diseases of the blood to restore the iron in your blood.
The elderly and children apricots raise immunity, and have a restorative effect.
People who have problems with excess weight these magical fruits improve metabolism and help to normalize weight without harm to the blood.
Not advisable to eat apricots in a large number of patients with diabetes mellitus.
But the seeds of these fruits is even good for diabetics, because they contain a large amount of useful vegetable protein.