Svinchatka or plyumbago will — care at home
Ampelnye plants is increasingly part of the lives of ordinary citizens.
Flowers Liana-type shape, planted in pots and hanging pots is a great design solution in the design of interiors such as offices and residential premises.
Planted climbing plants and garden plots.
In some such hanging plant decors, very popular plyumbago will, also known as Svinchatka.
It is unusual for beautiful flowering plant name is associated with the belief of South Africans that his roots are a good antidote in cases of poisoning an appropriate metal (hence «plyumbago will», ie the lead).
For cultivation in the room conditions best suited this kind of plants as Svinchatka ear-shaped.
Svinchatka (Plumbago) — care tips
Location and lighting
As this plant belongs to the genus of climbing vines, then at home, it is best planted in hanging pots and flower «comfortable» and better fits into the interior.
Cascading branches with blue small flowers, if desired, can be allowed to trail over the ledges or walls.
In this position the pots with the plant is best in the window, because Svinchatka – light-requiring species (which naturally African).
So the flower room will be a beautiful framing of the window frame, facing South (South-East) side of the world.
But, despite the fact that plyumbago will love the bright sun in winter when stop vital processes in the plant, the most comfortable temperature for him can be considered no more than +10°C.
But in the summer, if possible, this houseplant is better to carry on fresh air: the balcony or a suburban area, hanging in a comfortable position in a well-lit area.
Or install the plant in a pot, while the branches shtaketnym basis.
Watering and humidity
Like every plant, Svinchatka during the hot period, should be regularly watered for the active growth of the plant. In the winter, when the flower falls into the so-called «suspended animation,» watering soil should be kept to a minimum.
In any case, water should always be room temperature and soft enough structure.
Humidity also contributes to the good development of plants, but plyumbago will tolerates dry periods. Therefore, special humidity mode to set this «lodger» is not necessary.
Fertilizer plyumbago will
Svinchatka preferably be planted in a mixture consisting of two types of soil: turf and leaf in the ratio of 1:2, with the addition of sand and peat.
This is what will establish the plant conditions close to natural. But such soil is considered heavy, so Liana need more feeding. Particularly philosophize in the choice of nutrients is not necessary – enough to buy in a flower shop universal (combined) fertilizer and follow the instructions on the package.
Transplantation and propagation
Svinchatka will need to periodically (for growth) to be transplanted into larger pots volume. This should be done early in the spring until active growth plyumbago will. It is desirable the soil is fully updated.
The plant is carefully removed from the former pots and transplanted into new moist soil. Before this procedure, branches, vines should be cut off.
The resulting cuttings is a good material for breeding. Small branches stuck directly in the wet sand.
To create a greenhouse effect, it is recommended not to lay the cuttings, and the use of lower heating of the pot (a slight temperature).
Diseases and pests
In itself, Plumbago will – the plant is not a fussy one. Therefore, it is stable to various diseases.
But if it suddenly leaves began to acquire a brownish color, is most likely the reason for watering the soil with poor (or no).
But enemies among insects Svinchatka enough. And the main
of them – spider mites and scale insects. The latter, for example, can be detected on the flower visually.
So to remove them will be easy, collecting from the plants manually. Then the leaves and stems should be treated with a cotton swab moistened with Malathion.
Spider mites prefer to hide in the ground. And a sign of its presence will be yellowing and falling of leaves. In this situation it is advisable to transplant the plants in fresh soil.
The roots will need to handle insecticides. The stems and leaves should then be sprayed with infusion of onion, garlic or yarrow.