Such useful earthworms!
Probably will not find the person who did not face in his life in the country with earthworms – small, pink, wriggling snakes.
These God’s creatures loosen the soil, making it light and fluffy, which decompose into organic matter that nourishes the soil with humus and other useful nutrients made to the surface of the earth the root system of plants.
The presence and quantity of earthworms indicates the fertility of the soil, which involves, of course, with quantity can come organic substances.
Rain, or, as they are called earthworms belong to the order of oligochaetes.
They are widespread throughout the white world, except Antarctica where there are no favorable conditions for the existence of the excavation workers.
The body length of the worms depends on what generation they belong to, and can vary from a few centimeters to 3 m.
The body is divided into segments, the number of which varies among different kinds of worms, and varies from 80 to 300.
Relying on tiny bristles, which are equipped with all of the body except for the anterior segment, the worm moves on the surface and in the soil layers.
The number of bristles, depending, again, on kind of a worm varies from 8 to several tens.
The circulatory system of earthworms is closed, breath is carried out through slime-covered skin.
Worms are hermaphrodites, propagating through the cocoon by means of cross-insemination.
Cocoons are a few of the front segments, so this part is usually slightly thickened in comparison with the rest of the body.
After 3-4 weeks after fertilization from the cocoons hatch into small worms that already after 3-4 months turn into adults.
Milled in the throat, the food enters the intestines of the worm, where it is digested with enzymes.
One part of the food goes to ensure viability of the worm, the other comes out in the form of granules.
Food that passes through Chervyakova the body becomes more useful, saturated with calcium, phosphorus, nitrogen, magnesium.
With the approaching winter period, the earthworms go very deep into the soil, where they are not afraid of fatal for their life the cold.
With the arrival of spring they are activated, making his way to the upper soil layers. Comes mating season. During the year one earthworm brings posterity in the amount of hundreds of young individuals.
In the summer, when the soil is dry and not very enriched food, the activity of earthworms reduced. With the onset of spring excavation workers again, because they are again concerned with procreation.
The life of worms under favorable conditions lasts about ten years. They are dying mainly because of the heat, severe frost that hit the soil of pesticides, and becoming lunch for moles and birds.
What is the use of these small, creeping reptiles? Moving in the soil, worms make it loose, allowing the soil to pass and hold more moisture.
In addition, the earth is enriched with oxygen, so necessary for respiration of plant roots. But that’s not all.
Moving upward, the worms raise from the lower soil layers to the upper layers the nutrients that are absorbed by plants.
When the soil becomes poor in organic matter, the worms go in search of more fertile land, because they need something.
The dead worms are fertilizer for plants, as the whites of their remains are transformed into nitrogen. The soil, from which he retired excavation workaholic, loses its fertile qualities, a rich harvest from such land not be able to collect.
Worms can be cultivated in their own garden. For this you need to build some
the sort of box without a bottom about the size of 1x1x1m and put it on the frame of the slate or boards.
You then pour in the box of compost or topsoil without the chemical layer of about 65-70 cm
The surface should be smoothed, to shed water, cover with straw or a thick cloth and leave it for a week.
After this you should look for places where the worms congregate, and assemble them together with part of the land in which they lived.
Then transfer the ground with the worms into the prepared bin, vysypat its parts made in the compost hole. Covered pits, you should re-cover the box with a thick cloth or straw. From time to time you need to shed compost in a box with water at room temperature.
A couple times a month to add to compost food and plant waste. Worms live in the top 20-cm layer, and everything below is vermicompost, a converted earth workaholic.
With the advent of autumn, the top layer of compost, you need to shift to the bottom of the other box, sprinkle a layer of compost and covering them to protect from rodents, and in the winter sprinkle a half-meter layer of snow.
Left the bottom layer of the contents of the first box can be used for fertilizer garden and garden beds, and in the spring planted in the ground seedlings.
With the onset of spring the twigs from the second drawer should be removed and start over again to feed their «Pets».
The earthworms in the «garden» environment – occupation is a bit tiring, but rewarding.