Succulents – a care and a description of the types
Succulents – a group of plants that are recommended for growing novice fans of indoor plants.
They are divided into the stem (cacti) and leaf (aloe, Haworthia).
Succulents are undemanding plants, care for them is easy and they are easy to breed. For active growth, they need to provide good lighting, fresh air, for the winter rest and easy grangereau the ground.
Care for succulents
In natural conditions these plants are not spoiled by the abundant amount of rainfall and a mild climate, so they are adapted to arid conditions, extreme day and night temperatures and strong solar radiation.
Appropriate location of plants on the window sills, which face to the South. While the night the air temperature should be several degrees lower than the daytime.
In winter it is desirable to provide cooler conditions. To do this, the pots of succulents can be put between the window frames or on warm loggia. The optimum temperature in winter +11÷13°C.
Watering is carried out with warm water pooled, as the drying of the soil. Usually during the active growing season 1 time in 5-7days, in the winter 1 time per month.
If the succulents are in a cool place, watering should be even less, and at temperatures below +10°C, the plants do not water.
Feeding of complex mineral fertilizers is carried out in half-and less dose compared to specified in the regulations.
Fertilizers are made only during the growing season and alternate with normal irrigation. Multiply succulents is very easy, by means of shoots or leaves. A high survival rate.
Transplanting and plant propagation carried out in the spring with the onset of the growth period. Growing transplants annually, other as required.
Succulent plants can be found in five main families: Cactaceae, Estoniya, Crassulaceae, asanovich and asphodelaceae.
The first two families are stem succulents (cactus, stapelia), other sheet (Echeveria, crassula, aloe, Haworthia).
When choosing plants for the house, pay attention to their appearance. They should not have broken shoots, damaged areas, scars, pale coloring and stains of unknown origin.
Also inspect the plant for the presence of pests, if present in the plaque, clumps like cotton wool, grey, yellow spots and other signs, refuse to purchase such copy.
In most cases, these plants die or to save them only by using strong pesticides.