Selenicereus — care at home
Selenicereus is a plant belonging to the family Cactaceae.
At home grown selenicereus grandiflora.
This type of cacti grows in the tropical zone on the coast of South and Central America.
The plant has ridged thick stems that can reach a thickness of 5 cm.
Exotic tropical plant in the home can be grown as a basket, or under him to prepare the support on which selenicereus will be able to rise up.
The flower room is quite rare in the apartments, due to the very rapid growth of the stems, which length can grow up to 2 meters.
Looks original in greenhouses and winter gardens, where space for growth is quite a lot. Selenicereus is not a very beautiful appearance. The beauty of this plant lies in its flowers, which bloom for only one night.
In some Botanical gardens the South for views of flowering selenicereus organize special night tours.
This beauty, which is difficult to convey in words. Flower has truly enormous dimensions and may reach a diameter of 40 cm.
Blooming selenicereus attracts not only the beauty of the opened buds, but a great vanilla flavor. In people, this flower got a beautiful name «Queen of the night».
Selenicereus — care at home
Location and lighting
Selenicereus, like all cacti, loves the sun, so place it preferably on a South window.
Can easily move a shadow, but it will affect the flowering. In the summer, are encouraged to bring a plant on a balcony or on the terrace.
The plant is under the open sun, for the summer, will get brown, but it will quickly come down during the winter in the apartment.
This flower is one of the few indoor plants that can easily tolerate high temperature in the apartments, even in the winter time. It does not need to create special conditions.
Only for a short time in winter (January-February), when the flower falls into a state of peace, you can make a cool room with temperatures up to 18 degrees. But if this is not possible, selenicereus will survive the heat and dry air in the room.
Watering and humidity
In the summer season, when the temperature is high enough, selenicereus at home needs abundant watering.
Especially when the plant is preparing for the blooming buds. Watering should be once a week to defend water at room temperature.
In the autumn the number of irrigations is reduced to 2 times a week. Winter selenicereus enough to water 1 time in a month.
The humidity is not a particularly affects the growth of plants. But, lovers of room floriculture note that it is very responds well to spraying and wash the trunks of dust.
For feeding plants use a special fertilizer designed for cacti. Fertilizer needs in the spring and summer once a month. In the winter of fertilizers is not necessary.
Organic fertilizer is not recommended for selenicereus at home. The plant begins active growth of shoots at the expense of flowering.
Transplantation and propagation
For transplant selenicereus, as the soil is a special soil mix for cacti.
To transplant the plant needs time in 6-7 years. To do is quite difficult, since the flower of this age acquires a relatively large size. For security, you should use gloves to protect hands from thorns.
Propagated «Queen of the night» by cuttings and seeds. The shaft should be sunk in the prepared soil mix, plenty of water and cover with a glass jar.
You need to carefully watch, that the earth was always moist. Roots are formed in about 20 days. Recommended before planting, sprinkle the cut with charcoal to prevent rotting.
Seeds are planted selenicereus only collected in the year of flowering. Before sowing you need for a day, soak the seeds in clean water.
The sowing is done in a low capacity, which after planting, put in a warm place and covered with glass or plastic. After 20 days appear friendly shoots.
Pests and fight with them
Selenicereus often subjected to attacks by scale insects and spider mites.
To kill pests to apply insecticides. The solution is prepared strictly according to instructions.
A thorough treatment of the plants, to avoid recurrence of the infection.
When using chemicals at home, you must use personal protective equipment.