Schlumbergera (Zigokaktus, Decembrist ) — care at home
This cactus is among the epiphytic and forest plants.
Often it is the flowering period falls on Christmas day. He got his middle name – Rodstvennik.
Also it is sometimes called – the Decembrist (in December, is the period of flower Bud formation).
The variety of colors and shapes of the cactus is large enough. And every year continues to grow with new hybrids.
Lighting and location
Decembrist prefers bright and at the same time, diffused light. This is a great choice for its location – a Sunny window in a light shade from other plants or curtains.
In the summer, 18-25°C. August and September are not below 11-12°C. in Winter 16-18°C.
Watering and humidity
Needs abundant watering in summer. And in winter you need to reduce the frequency of watering. It is very important to make sure that the substrate doesn’t dry out and was not too waterlogged.
For Schlumbergera requires abundant moisture. To do this it needs to be sprayed frequently. Important to make sure that no water gets directly on the flowers.
Otherwise, they can be covered with spots and fall off. To raise the humidity of the air around the cactus you can place the pot hight of the water level on the shingles.In winter time it is necessary to spray the cactus with warm water.
During the growth of Zigokaktus and its flowering, it is necessary to feed the plant 2 times a month with mineral fertilizers with an average content of nitrogen, diluted by half.
Transplantation and propagation
Young plants should be transplanted every spring. But adult Decembrist transplanted every 2 — 3 years.
Transplants carried out in the soil consists of a mixture of turf and leaf soil with sand and humus. Adult cacti are transplanted before the start of the period of budding.
Propagated cactus in the spring and summer, using cuttings that are at least 2-3 segments. Before planting, the cuttings need to dry and place slices sprinkled with powdered charcoal. Cuttings rooted in moist sand. Can still be propagated by grafting and, in rare cases, seeds.
Pests and fight with them
One of the main pests attacking Schlumbergera are spider mite, scale and mealybug.
To combat them more likely to use Actellic. For this it is necessary to dissolve the contents of one vial in 2 liters of water.
If the lesion is sufficiently strong then you can dilute in 1 litre of water. The resulting solution is applied on the affected cactus.Also, for getting rid of pests, you can use a mixture of garlic pulp with soap and water. The resulting mixture is necessary to periodically wipe the leaves.