Rhipsalis — care at home
Forests of South America and the West Indies are full of variety of epiphytic cacti.
Alone rhipsalis here you can find a countless number of species.
And they are not similar to each other that at times even there is a doubt whether they belong to the same family.
But these differences are more visible, and are mainly the shape, length and color of the stem. All the rest have different kinds of rhipsalis in common.
Whatever the form of the shoots of plants (rounded or ribbed, flat or thickened, leaf-shaped or needle), they nicely fall from sheltered rhipsalis rocks and trees.
It was there and «live» these plants with aerial roots, with which the cactus is extracted from the air sufficient moisture.
And in rhipsalis almost no thorns. What’s important for fans to grow exotics it on the windowsill.
Rhipsalis — care at home
Location and lighting
At home rhipsalis planted in pots with soil substrate for cacti. Usually it is a mixture of turf and leaf soil with added sand and peat.
Some species of rhipsalis can develop into tree form. And then the flower pot will need to set it as low as possible to allow the shoots to climb up prepared for them props.
Ampelnye species of rhipsalis in home it is recommended to hang up to «garlands» stems comfortable fall.
But in any case, the flower pot should be placed in such a position that the plant was in partial shade.
Too bright direct (not scattered) rays of the sun will deliver to the shoots of discomfort. The best option in this situation are the horizontal blinds on the Windows.
Rhipsalis – a resident of the southern hemisphere. Heat control should be set close to natural. That is, for each season has its degrees.
This exotic plant is in the southern latitudes, but does not like extreme heat. In the period of active growth (spring to early autumn) it is necessary to maintain the indoor air temperature is not above +20°C.
But winter rhipsalis is better not to peremanivat – optimal 12-16° Celsius.
Rhipsalis watering and humidity
The presence of rhipsalis of aerial roots suggests that this plant loves humid air than dry.
Therefore, in hot weather, the plant in the home need to regularly irrigate separated (filtered) warm water soft structure. In winter, of course, do not need.
But with irrigation it is advisable not to overdo it. Too wet soil can harm the plant.
Therefore, it is recommended not to irrigate the soil in a flower pot, and regularly add water to the pan. During the rest of rhipsalis moderate watering is carried out as the drying of the topsoil.
Like any plant, rhipsalis at home requires mineral supplements.
Just hold it is necessary at the time of the growing season and vigorous growth of plants. During the «sleep» rhipsalis «vitamins» is not needed.
For power plants not suitable for a fertilizer should be avoided by those feedings in which the excess nitrogen content.
Therefore, it is better to buy at a flower shop a special fertilizer for cacti.
In the absence of such any other fertilizer should be diluted with warm water 1:1.
Transplantation and propagation rhipsalis
Frequency transplant rhipsalis at home depends on the age of the plant.
Young shoots should be transplanted every year. And this should be done after completely fall off the flowers.
When transplanting rhipsalis in the other pot can not forget about the drainage of the soil.
The plant is medium size already sets in 2-3 years. Fairly large specimens – after 5 years.
There is no need to use deep pots. For rhipsalis at home, the volume of the container increase the width to make it easier to develop surface roots.
When transplanting you can do the pruning of shoots for reproduction. Cuttings then a little dried, and then added dropwise (shallow) in a mixture of sand and peat.
To rooting have been better, can be a flower pot cover with greenhouse film, not forgetting to ventilate the plant. After the appearance of roots in the container should add the sod layer.
Except for rhipsalis cuttings can still be propagated by seed. But since these types of cacti at home rarely produce fruit, the chance to independently procreate rhipsalis, a little. But the seeds you can buy in a flower shop.
Rhipsalis diseases and pests
Improper care of a plant rhipsalis sore. Excessive moisture leads to root rot.
When supercooling drops flower buds and segments. To solve this problem by restoring the optimal conditions of temperature and humidity.
But pests will have to fight more radically. Symptoms of «attack»
parasites are sticky plaques of brown on the plant (the symptom impact scale insects) and rusty spots on the leaves (the effect of the red flat mite).
As treatments the leaves and stems of rhipsalis need a good wash in warm soapy water and then sprayed with a special compound – to dissolve the vial of actellic in a liter of water.