Raspberry varieties — the names and description of
This, everyone’s favorite berry has about 600 species around the globe.
Even in South Africa they grow many varieties of raspberries.
Most varieties of berries found in the wild.
From the garden culture it is characterized by smaller size of the fetus.
Raspberry in the usual sense – it’s just 2 kinds: American and European normal bristly.
There are more Western raspberry BlackBerry, but it is less common. Some species generally regarded as the local culture: raspberry Sakhalin, purpurata (growing mostly in China and Japan), a raspberry Bush (cultivated in the Caucasus).
The history of cultivation of raspberry
Received such a large spread of raspberries in the world due to its ancient «roots» pioneers of domestication berries were the Romans and Greeks of the period, III century BC.
But this cultivation began in England about 2 years ago, and in parallel, as a separate branch in North America.
In Russia more preferred to gather wild raspberries. But thanks to the healing properties of raspberry Yury Dolgoruky decided to put the berry of Moscow.
On his orders in the capital of the 12th century were laid numerous gardens raspberry.
Classification of raspberry varieties
Now this berry is the most popular culture of breeders.
Existing varieties of raspberries can be divided into different groups:
- — size berries (large-fruited and small-fruited);
- — their color (phoenicea, and zheltoplodnaya Aronia);
- — the timing of maturation (early ripening, medium, medium).
A separate group are the varieties of everbearing raspberries that fruit not only in summer but also in autumn.
Each variety of raspberry, naturally, by its characteristics will belong to several groups. For example, «volzanka» — early ripening large-fruited culture with red berries.
In addition, varieties exhibit resistance to cold, the presence and form of spines on the branches, the shape of the fruit, suitability for technical processing.
Common varieties of raspberry
In addition to the breakdown of culture on groups of gardeners prefer to distinguish raspberries on the following categories: traditional Varieties — the most common in conventional gardening.
There are domestic breeding («Barnaul», «Kaliningrad», «Novost Kuzmina», «Reward», and others), and representatives from abroad («English», «Cornish Victoria», «Marlborough», «Cumberland»).
The most common dessert cultivar of raspberry the Soviet Union may be considered as «Usance».
Taste of fruit quality are highly valued. Harvest the berries (yields up to 15 t / ha) and resistant to strong frosts.
But the tall Bush of «Yellow giant» with an unusual fruit requires high-quality shelter for the winter.
«Herbert» perfectly adapts to any environment, resistant to diseases, but the fruit of raspberry bushes can not withstand alterations – they just fall apart in the cooking process.
Large-fruited varieties of raspberries – the dream of many gardeners, private berry some can reach masses of more than 20 g. And this is thanks to a special gene laid by breeders in culture.
But it is a drawback, the ability of this gene to mutate makes it impossible to be widely cultivated varieties in conventional gardening.
Another feature of large-fruited varieties – the ability to branch, which significantly increases the yield of the Bush. And most of them Bessin.
These varieties of raspberry provided good immunity to diseases and vectors of viruses, but not too suited for the cold Russian climate. Except that «Ember» is quite cold-resistant. But he quietly tolerates drought.
Varieties Arbat, Maroseyka, «Patricia», «Tarusa» (higher transportability) have relative hardiness. Therefore, it is desirable to bend under the snow for better conservation.
Remontant raspberry foreign selection is only suitable for the southern regions, the fruiting period takes about 150 days (the»Lyulin», «Heritage», «the Throat Herbster»). Except that «Ott near» has a relative resistance to cold.
Domestic raspberry varieties more hardy, but still the autumn harvest will be
full only in the southern regions of the country.
The exception is «Hercules», is able in the middle lane from the date of the second harvest up to 70% of the first.
In taste very popular varieties of «Augustine», «Apricot», «Indian summer-2».