Plum varieties – a description of popular varieties for suburban areas
Popular plum is on the 2nd place, behind cherry. But culture is more common in the southern regions, because in conditions of prolonged severe frosts it often dies.
Therefore, North of the Moscow region rarely seen plum trees in large quantities. Although the breeders have selected a special plum varieties for cold regions.
Plum began to cultivate more than 2 centuries ago. During this time, the wild types of these fruit gradually disappeared.
And those trees which are sometimes found in the form of neglect, rather, is a feral varietal culture.
Classification of varieties of plums
All grown plums klassificeret groups based on fruit quality and biological characteristics of the plants:
Greengage samobesplodny and do not tolerate the winter. The plum has a spherical shape. The fruit is very tender flesh, so the greengage is best to consume fresh.
Hungarian — often popularly called porquoi. This culture samoplodnye, which naturally affects the high yield.
The fruit of the plum elongated with firm, elastic flesh. The Hungarian responds well to processing and drying.
Sort of mirabelle is less common than the previous 2. The fruit of this plum looks more like cherry plums – small, rounded, Golden-yellow color.
The flesh is very firm, but very sweet. Therefore, it is very good to use for making jam.
Common varieties of plum
In the gardens of our compatriots to celebrate the plum trees of the cultivars of Russian breeding, and «aliens» from abroad.
As a result of local breeding appeared varieties:
«The Hungarian plain», which endures winter. The flesh is juicy, tasty, in spite of the sour taste.
The variety is quite transportable and lends itself well to any processing. Since the fruiting gives good yields.
The only «but» — increased demands on growing conditions (warmth, moisture, soil). On the sandy soil does not take root.
— «Hungarian Moscow» more riverwest in the Central regions of Russia. Strong winter brings average, but has the ability after freezing recover quickly.
This variety samoplodnye, but for a better crop next recommended «hooked» tree-pollinator (e.g., «red Ripening»).
— Large fruit «Greengage Michurinskiy» have the original flavor. The stability of varieties to frost weak. But not inclined culture of the disease and has immunity to the fungus.
The highest winter hardiness boasts a variety of plum «Tula black». It was created for cultivation in the Northern regions of Russia.
Self-pollination of culture is partial, but high yield can give under any circumstances. This variety of plum is not only able to adapt but also quickly recovering from various injuries.
In Russia next to the neighbors also have something to boast about:
— Ukrainian growers have cultivated the sort of «Opishnyanska», not demanding growing conditions, winter-hardy and produces good yields.
The fruit is juicy, but the bone is poorly separated from the pulp. Have good transportability, but are more used for making prunes.
Moldovans have grown the variety «Tuleu Gras». From its fruit are also excellent
prunes, but most use fresh.
A big drawback of a fruit tree is a weak wood. Therefore, under the weight of an abundant harvest branches are broken.
Among the varieties imported have taken root «Anna Shpet» (Germany), «the Hungarian aganskaya» (France), «Hungarian Italian» (Northern Italy), «kirk», «Blue» (England), «the Greengage Altana» (Czechoslovakia).