Planting sea-buckthorn in the spring — site selection, land preparation
Sea buckthorn (dairy vessels, cheargan, Goji) is a precious culture.
Raw materials from its berries, seeds and leaves used in pharmacology.
But in gardens the plant will not meet so often. Apparently, the reason there is the taste of the fruit – tart-acidic.
But in combination with sugar or honey berry turns into a divine dessert. Also, delicious jams, juices, compotes.
As experts in their field use the fruits of sea buckthorn in wine, making liqueurs, cordials and liqueurs of high quality.
Therefore, there is a reason for every gardener to start on the site this useful culture. But what kind of sea-buckthorn plant, we should proceed from the peculiarities of the local landscape.
In nature there are treelike representatives (not less than 6 m in height) and 2-3-foot-tall shrubs with many trunks.
Planting sea buckthorn
To propagate sea buckthorn can be any of the known methods: cuttings, layering, suckers and seeds.
But the last method for the selection culture is better not to use, in this case, the signs of class are not inherited. The vegetative propagation will preserve genome.
In any case, the entire planting material without pre-treatment is sent in the open ground seedlings. Planting sea buckthorn is carried out both in spring and in autumn the plant is quite frost endures.
Temporary residence» seedlings can be kept up to 2 years. Then a tree (or Bush) is better to move to another, more comfortable place.
The sapling should be strong enough individual: with 5 roots at least 20 cm in length and 2 half-meter shoots.
Site selection and soil preparation
Sea buckthorn grows best on Sunny hills. Even a small penumbra may have a negative impact on productivity. The plant likes moisture, but it is better to plant in areas with low groundwater.
Sea buckthorn cozy feels in light fertile buds (pH 7.0). Therefore, a more acidic earth will have to be limed.
Before planting as seed material and ready seedlings the soil should be previously prepared.
Before you dig over the plot, on the surface of the earth scattered mineral fertilizers (potassium, phosphorus) and organic matter (compost, peat). The grounds are excavated to the depth of the bayonet, and then rasputyvat rake.
The planting hole
The site selected for the landing of sea-buckthorn make the layout of the aisles. Regardless of the form of the plant (shrub or tree), the distance between the rows should be kept at least 3 m In one row between cultures needs to be a period of not less than 2.5 m.
The hole for planting a sapling is not too late – 40 cm, half a meter wide. The bottom of its stack drainage system of shell rock, gravel or construction waste.
The earth extracted from the pit, you will need to additionally mix it with fertilizer if it is classified as heavy soil: zemlesmes of vegetable beds interspersed with non-acidic peat and river sand. Add to a glass of ordinary superphosphate and 1.5 tbsp of potassium chloride.
Features planting sea buckthorn
In the center of the pit, where will be planted sea buckthorn, set special number (called boarding).
So as usual this crop planted on sloping surfaces, the plant must ask the correct vertical direction, otherwise the crown will go crooked.
The roots of the plants must be manually spread evenly over the entire area of the pit. After each layer of earth a tree (Bush), gently shake – so
better filled under the roots of emptiness.
The root collar must be recessed below ground level with not less than 5 cm In loose soil, even at 10 cm given its sagging.
After planting the sea-buckthorn berries abundantly watered (for 3 buckets for each plant). Then tree trunks mulch, river sand or weathered peat.