Cucumbers — the most common fruit vegetable crops.
Depending on the season, consume them in food in a fresh, pickled or salted, they are used for salads and preparations for the winter.
Despite the fact that 95% of cucumbers are water, they are rich in calcium and potassium, contains vitamins a, C and K.
Used as a cleansing agent in cosmetics, and due to the extremely low caloric — 14 kcal per 100 gr. used in diets.
Compared to other fruit vegetable crops, cucumbers are low maintenance, and grow them every gardener-gardener. It is only necessary to know the needs of plants and be able to satisfy them.
Depending on climatic conditions, the cucumbers are grown in greenhouses, greenhouses and open field. «Permanent residence» plant planted seedlings, sow the germinated or dry seeds.
For disinfection prior to sowing dry seeds for 5-7 minutes placed in a solution of potassium permanganate. Then, wrapped in cotton cloth soaked in a nutrient solution and leave in a warm dark place for 2 days.
The nutrient solution can be purchased in stores or make your own (1 teaspoon of wood ash per liter of water).
Sow should be swollen and hatched the seeds. Much sprouted seeds are difficult to separate from the fabric and are likely to damage seedlings when planting in the ground.
Cucumber seedlings were grown at home in special containers or in pots, and in warm greenhouses.
Soil mix for pots you can buy ready or to prepare them from humus, sawdust, peat and loam (equal parts).
Before planting cucumbers, the soil is well watered with warm water with addition of sodium HUMATE (1st. tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
In the greenhouse, seeds are sown on a small bed in a row, at a distance of 5 cm from each other. To speed up the germination of crops covered with foil.
For seedlings, planting cucumbers begins April 20-22. Usually 20-25 days enough for seed germination and emergence in plants 2 leaves.
In this phase of growth, about the middle of may the seedlings are planted in the ground. The plant is very demanding to heat, low temperatures and cold ground the seeds to rot.
When growing seedlings it is necessary to avoid reducing the temperature below + 14-15°C, and in the soil the plants are planted when the soil warming up to the same temperature.
Before planting the seedlings watered with warm water. Cucumbers like moisture and sun, and be afraid of the cold and wind.
Place to grow is withdrawn and the open and Sunny, slight shading is allowed for protection from the wind.
In dark places, and in heavy damp soil culture grows poorly and almost never bears fruit.
A week before transplanting, the ridge of the greenhouse should be disinfected with copper sulfate (solution: 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
This amount of solution is enough to handle a 15 sq. m. of soil. Best fertilizer for cucumbers – fresh manure. Also the plant needs for calcium and phosphorus and does not tolerate chlorine.
Preferably the manure is mixed with straw and spread over the entire surface of the ridge layer is not less than 10-15 cm in height.
In the absence of such opportunity – in the middle or at the edges of the ridge (depending on the layout of seedlings) to dig a ditch depth of 20 cm and a width of 45-50 cm and fill with manure, sprinkle on top of the ground. You can also apply manure in the hole for a seedling.