Planting and caring for irises
Irises belong to the species of flowers that do not require special care.
They very often draw up public flower beds, green areas. Irises adorn the plots.
The main advantage is their resistance to strong frost, and the blooms may last for more than two months.
But to see the beauty of the plants we must first understand how to correctly perform planting irises.
It is necessary to say that summer begins the formation of flower buds, and winter flowers with a Mature kidney, which next year will delight with their blooms.
But there are «tender» varieties, where as in the kidney itself and the root system may die at a temperature of 7°C.
Planting irises is recommended to perform after they ottsvetut. At this time the flower Bud is not formed, but new rhizomes are already developed.
Them carefully separated with a knife, and leave the hive. Normal size of the new rhizome is considered to be the minimum length of 8-10 cm, but planting the cuttings are pruned to 3-5 cm
When selecting a location for planting is important to consider the inclination of the beds, which should be directed to the South, and the bed raised by about 20 cm.
The best time to plant is early July. If you are planning an autumn planting, it is best done in September, not late October, i.e. before the frosts begin.
In bulbous species before planting irises roots it is advisable to stand 0.2 percent composition of potassium permanganate, then dried and can be stored until the autumn.
So, getting to the landing, prepare the pit, they poured small mounds on which to place the roots. The plant is slightly crushed and covered with fertile soil.
Around the top Bush toffee sprinkled with river sand, to protect from the scorching rays of the sun and also for better air circulation. Leave between them a distance of approximately 20 to 40 cm, the Plant is carefully watered.
Care of irises
Most species do not tolerate too wet soil, so caring for irises should be accompanied by moderate watering and required soil loosening.
And yet the plants require abundant watering during the formation of buds and in the heat. And the water irises need only in the evening.
Irises that have reached one year of age need to winter time cover it with leaves, sawdust or straw. In the spring, when the snow melts, the cover is removed. Adult plants do not need shelter.
As for fertilizers, their introduction is only possible after the outer layer of soil is dry. Care irises especially painstaking during active growth of shoots and flower buds. Fertilizing at this time is important for next year’s flowers were large and profuse flowering.
In early spring, you can feed the fertilizer on the mineral base: one part of potassium and phosphorus and 2 parts
Also, during the formation of buds must not forget to make the same fertilizer, but in different proportions, nitrogen, and potassium 3 parts, a phosphorus element is 1 piece. At the end of flowering also requires fertilizing, but only phosphorus and potassium in equal parts.
Therefore, we can conclude that caring for irises is not so complicated. Any gardener can grow this beauty on his land, and to rejoice in rich and elegant flowering.