Phalaenopsis — home care
Phalaenopsis is a genus of epiphytes belonging to the Orchid family (Orchidaceae).
Naturally they can be found in the wet forests of Southeast Asia, Australia and the Philippines.
Sold in stores Phalaenopsis hybrids that are adapted for life at home.
Though there are many types of these beautiful plants, but care for them exactly the same.
Phalaenopsis — home care
Location and lighting
To place this kind of orchids at home is best in the North-Eastern, Western, Eastern or Northern Windows.
Allowed and window on the South side, but you need to provide shading or plants to place on the table nearby.
The longest flowering observed in the contents at a temperature of about 18-25 degrees. May increase the temperature up to 35 degrees, only briefly, otherwise the Phalaenopsis can reset the flowers.
Winter temperature should be in the range of 15-25 degrees. To await the flowering of Phalaenopsis, it is necessary to provide the difference between night and day temperature of about 5-7 degrees.
Watering Phalaenopsis and humidity
Water the Orchid after absolute drying of the substrate. But a long stay in dry condition can not be tolerated.
Can the time of irrigation is determined by the roots – they are bright (moist roots, bright green). You can determine the need for irrigation and weight of pot when dry substrate it is lightweight.
Water the substrate, trying not to fall on the leaves. You can also place a pot of Phalaenopsis in a container of water for saturation. Once a month, the Phalaenopsis at home throwing shower, then wipe off the leaves. Humidity maintained at 35-40%.
Fertilize Phalaenopsis only in the period of active growth special fertilizer for orchids. Their make along with the water when watering.
Transplantation and propagation
Repot Phalaenopsis generally, when the substrate has worn about every 2-4 years. This is done after flowering.
At home it is easiest to propagate these orchids vegetatively by separating the side children. They can be formed at the base of the leaf rosette or on peduncle.
In both cases, you need to wait until the kids form their own roots, and only then be separated and planted in separate containers.
Pests, diseases of Phalaenopsis and fight with them
In most cases, problems arise when the wrong contents of Phalaenopsis. Under excessive watering frequently rot.
They can be addressed by adjusting watering, and if that fails, it applies Endosporin-M.
Phalaenopsis can take a beating mealybugs and spider mite.
To combat these pests using Fitoverm, Neoron, Alaverdi and Akhtar.