Pests of indoor plants and their control

pests of indoor plants

Even plants and flowers of the plant pests that can cause immense and sometimes irreparable harm.

Many growers can’t understand how they even get on house plants.

In fact, there are several ways in which appear in the apartment pests of houseplants.

By purchasing potted flowers in the shops, no one can guarantee that they are not infected or not infected.

Once in the flat in favourable conditions, pests begin to actively proliferate and migrate to neighboring plants.

Some types of aphids with wings are able to cover long distances. Many summer flowers are taken at plots planted in the ground, decorate the gazebo, summer kitchen and so on.

In the autumn, transporting plants back home for the winter, few people think that they are already infected with insects.

Pests are not excluded with poor care and lack of elementary rules of hygiene. It is also impossible to forget, otherwise it may lead to the death of all plants.

Check the soil mix, which they cook themselves. Ready substrates needs to be «clean», but caution can not hurt, especially if You hold a rare and expensive copies of colors.

Pests can also get to You in an apartment with his crop, brought in from the garden.

Plants and flowers, which detects pests, it is desirable to isolate away from the other, until complete recovery.

New acquired instances it is also desirable to withstand some time in quarantine. To treat the infected spot with a fungicide.

Aphids

Small insects that suck fluid from soft tissues of plants. Depending on the species can be green, gray, black or orange color.

Pose a danger for almost any plants with soft tissues, especially flowering. Prefer to settle on the tips of buds and shoots. Fight with them by using products containing permethrin.

Caterpillar

This pest houseplants starts the house rarely. Usually inspect flowers brought from the garden in the summer or who were on the balcony.

A favorite place of the lower surface of the sheet. At first there were footsteps, and then the holes. Some species of caterpillars that roll the leaves. To get rid of them complete a visual inspection of flowers, pests remove.

Tsiklamenovy mites

Tiny insects. To see individual instances of these pests houseplants, but their colonies accumulated on the inner side of the sheet, reminiscent of a layer of dust.

The affected flower stops growing, the buds wither, the leaf edges curl up. Processing conventional insecticides does not bring results, the affected parts should be removed.

If the use of hard drugs will not help, the plant will have to be thrown away. Settled mainly on Saintpaulia, cyclamen, pelargonium and Impatiens.

Earwig

Familiar to many growers, the pest, although to detect it on houseplants is difficult, the insect night.

To identify you must carefully examine all the leaves and remove manually. The earwig is dark brown with two lesneven appendages.

Nematodes

Quite rare guests in the house. These microscopic worms can only get in with contaminated land.

If you find the roots for large swellings, most likely it is a symptom of lesion nematode. From the plant need to get rid of. Be careful, use only sterilized soil.

Fungus gnats

Small pests usually are black color, flying near the plants. Harmless by themselves, danger is their larvae, which eat young roots and organic residues.

Most active in wet soil. To combat them, treat the soil with insecticides.

Mealybug

Miserable pests covered with white fuzz. Live in large colonies. In mild cases, leaves simply wipe with a damp swab if there is a strong need to spray with systemic insecticide every five days until the full release.

Spider mites

Small sucking insect that lives on the inner side of the sheet. The pest affects almost all plants. On the outside of the leaves have yellowish spots.

Between the stem and the sheet may be formed of white gossamer. Favorable dry warm air. To combat the pest the treatment is conducted systemic insecticide.

Prophylactically to prevent infection it is recommended that daily spraying of the leaves. Scale

Brown patches on lower side of leaves along veins, suggests that the plant was chosen by these pests. They are usually mobile and well protected from the insecticides.

Scale insects are removed by hand with a cotton swab. If the leaves on the flower turned yellow and started to become covered with secretions, the insect will be long.

Trips

Often on begonias, fuchsias and kodium. Easily moves from one plant to another. With particular causes harm to the flowers, they are deformed and covered with spots. Recommended insecticide treatments in the early stage of infection.

Whiteflies

Another pest of indoor plants, which are particularly attracted: begonia, fuchsia, Impatiens. The larvae of this insect settle on the underside of leaves and suck out the juices, leaving a sugary selection.

The pest multiplies rapidly, so it is important to start fighting at an early stage. Every 3-4 days treatment formulations containing permethrin.

Nagahuedi

Small, active insect with an elongated body up to 2 mm long. A favorable environment is overly moist soil.

Live in or on the earth’s surface, at the bottom of the pot have drainage holes. Feed on rotten vegetation.

The appearance of these pests evidence that watering plants should be reduced. A large gathering may cause damage to young roots.

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