Pelargonium (geranium) — care at home
Pelargonium (geranium)– herbaceous and shrubby plants belonging to the family of Geranium.
The genus consists of about 250 species.
There is a separate Geranium genus, but the genus Pelargonium is grown as an indoor plant, often calling them geraniums.
Because of its simplicity pelargonium became very popular, and it will not cause trouble.
Pelargonium (geranium) in the home — care tips
Location and lighting
Best the plant feels in the sun. Can grow in shade, but in this case it is not necessary to count on abundant flowering. For the placement of pots with geraniums in the South window, you can get plenty of blooms, but the leaves will fall off.
So the best solution for «place of residence» pelargonium at home will be Eastern or Western window where the plant will have gorgeous green leaves and lots of juicy flowers. From time to time rotate and move the plant.
Pelargonium do not need to create any special temperature regimes. The main thing that the temperature does not fall below 1-2 degrees.
Watering and humidity
Pelargonium summer watered abundantly, allowing easy drying of the soil. Make sure to avoid excess moisture, as this may cause root rot. Winter watering is greatly reduced.
It should be remembered that this houseplant is easier to take the lack of moisture than the excess. Because of this, and you can not spray pelargonium, as this will damage the beautiful and delicate petals of flowers.
Fertilization pelargonium need during growth. The flowering period is better suited fertilizer that contains increased amounts of potassium and phosphorus and reduced nitrogen.
Transplantation and propagation of pelargonium
Need annual replanting of young plants. Pots take small, otherwise the excess space for roots, the geraniums will begin to build up leaves and costaisa, but flowering will cease.
For reproduction this plant can be used for seeds and cuttings. Seeds are sown in February, scattering them across the surface of the moist earth and sprinkled lightly.
Next, sprinkle a stimulant of growth, cover with a film or glass and contain in the conditions of 20-24 ° C, periodically airing and moisten the soil.
2 weeks after germination young pelargonium dive, and to achieve 2 months carry out planting in individual pots.
It is much easier to propagate indoor geraniums from cuttings. For rooting cuttings cut off a length of about 7 cm, imeyushchie2-3 leaf.
Cuttings, slightly dried during the day and planted in lightweight soil. Rooting occurs in about a month.
Pests and fight with them
Geraniums don’t really like pests. Perhaps the appearance of the aphid. In this case, will treatment of any of the insecticides for houseplants.