Passionflower — home care
Passion flower is a genus of evergreen stiffening vines or climbing plants with about 500 species and belongs to the family Strastotsveta.
This plant is also called passion flower and the Cavaliers star.
Passionflower is known for its extraordinarily beautiful and bright flowers, reminding the shape of a star.
Passionflower in the home — care tips
Location and lighting
The passion flower, «native» in the tropics, and so she needs a lot of light. Ideal «residence» at home will be the southern window where the plant will bloom profusely. Pritenyat it will have only to watch the midday heat.
When you place the passion fruit in the North window, it will grow, but flowering will be quite miserable. The Western and Eastern side is suitable provided that the Windows are not shaded by trees.
Summer at home is required to maintain a temperature of 18-24 degrees. If too hot air may turn yellow and Pocognoli leaves and also formed little flowers.
In autumn and winter, the air must be cooler – 13-16 degrees otherwise passionflower throw off the leaves and maybe even the abyss. Therefore, when it is impossible to provide such conditions in winter, best grown as an annual Passiflora.
WateringPassionflower, as a resident of the tropics, regular abundant watering. Only in winter it is carried out rarely – not more than 1 time per week.
Every day we need to spray the plant in the period from spring to autumn, preferably in the evening to spray the plant does not get sun.
Fertilize the plant in the home start in April fertilizer for flowering houseplants.
The concentration of fertilizer should be less than 2 times than specified in the instructions. Are fertilizing every 2 weeks. The final feeding is carried out before hibernation in late August.
Transplantation and propagation
Every year with the arrival of spring, the passion flower at home and need to replant, thus cut off about 1/3 of the length of the branches.
To propagate passionflower can seeds and cuttings. Before sowing, soak seeds for a day in the water.
Then they are sown in a substrate containing 5 parts loam, 3 parts sand and 2 parts peat, at a depth of 2-5 mm Capacity with crops covered with glass or film is removed when the seedlings.
For successful growth it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the range of 20-24 degrees and frequent watering. Daylight should not be less than 12 hours. Dive sprouts at emergence 2 true leaves.
Cuttings are cut in the summer. Each of them should have 2 nodes and few leaves. Rooting spend in the water, which never change during this process. The appearance of the roots of the plants are planted.
Pests and fight with them
The passionflower love to «attack» the thrips and spider mites. To prevent this, you need to regularly spray the plant.
If pests have already attacked, to fight them can be used any suitable insecticide.