Papaya — care at home
Papaya (Carica papaya), also known as «melon tree» is a plant native to tropical and warmer subtropical regions.
It’s not a very high tree with no branches, resembles a palm tree.
Papaya growing fast enough due to the fact that the trunk is not woody.
At the top of the trunk is crowned with the umbrella leaves palmately lobed and have long petioles. The flowers located in the axils of the petioles.
The fruits are large, can have a length of 40 cm and a diameter of 25-30 cm, with bright orange flesh. Papaya, if you want, you can grow at home.
Papaya at home — tips on care
Location and lighting
As a tropical plant, it is very important bright. It is best to place the tree near the South and South-East Windows.
In the period from October to March supplementary lighting is needed papaya with fluorescent lamps, which are placed at a minimum distance of 30 cm from the leaves of the tree. In the warm period of the year can make a melon tree on the balcony or terrace.
For papaya at home, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in summer at 24-26 degrees. In the winter the temperature should be from 17 to 20 degrees and in any case should not fall below 15 degrees. Be sure to protect the plant from sudden temperature changes and drafts.
Watering and humidity
The inhabitants of the tropics of course needs high humidity, so routinely conduct spraying.
To maintain humidity you can place near papaya a bowl of water or put a pot plant on a tray of wet sand or expanded clay. Importantly, that is the bottom of the pot not touching the water.
Watering papaya at home systematically as the drying of the topsoil. Drying is necessary to ensure the ingress of air to the roots. Water for irrigation should take well defended, and heated to 30 degrees.
To papaya well and grew rapidly, it should be fertilized every two weeks. In the spring, staffed by feeding ammonium nitrate with microelements with organic fertilizers, and from summer to autumn – duty superphosphate, NPK and organic fertilizer. In winter the plant is not fed.
Transplantation and propagation of papaya
In connection with the rapid growth of the plants in the first year of life it is necessary to do 2-3 transplants. The next 3-4 years transplanted 1 per year and the adult papaya – 1 time every 3 years.
Each successive capacity for planting should be 5-7 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. At the bottom of the pot must have a drainage, and the soil for planting of papaya add perlite or vermiculite to ensure access of air to the roots.
Papaya at home perfectly reproduce by means of seeds which each fruit at 300-700 pieces. Seeds have almost 100% similarity. They are sown in the first week of March in the vicinity of the substrate, consisting of equal quantities of peat, sand, turf and ground sheet. The substrate is slightly moistened and covered with a film or glass.
Every day is carried out ventilation of the seedlings. Seedlings appear in about 7 days.Perhaps propagation of plants and cuttings.
For this approach stems no thicker than one and a half inches from wood, under 2 years. The cuttings are cut to 10 cm and dried for 3 days in a warm and dry place, after which roots in coarse sand.
Pests and fight with them
Papaya can be «RAID» spider mites and aphids.
To fight these pests can be used decoctions and infusions of insecticidal plants, for example, onions, garlic, yarrow.
In the fight against mites will help and spraying Ectopica.