Orchids (care and cultivation)
Orchids are very beautiful, therefore many growers have been breeding these colors.
If you have decided to engage in the cultivation and care of orchidsbefore you choose them, you should understand that some types will feel comfortable in the home, while others will be better in greenhouses.
Ambient temperature is also important for the cultivation of orchids, of different colors, it can range from 10 to 16C and above.
A very important light, different plants have different requirements. And of course it is necessary to pay attention to the size of any flower.
Anyway, if you are just beginning to engage in the cultivation and care of orchids, prefer better hybrids than natural species.
A list of plants that are less demanding cultivation and care: Brassavola (Brassavola), Katle (Cattleya), Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis), Brassia (Brassia), Can (Oncidium), Dendrobium (Dendrobium), etc.
When choosing like orchids in the store, inspect it. The pot should be free to plant it where to grow, soil needs to be clean and free of weeds.
Dense surface roots, should be green tips, if they are dead do not take this plant. The leaves are not drooping, dense.
The buds should be dense. And most importantly, on leaves, buds and roots should not be insects. If the container you purchased the Orchid is too small, choose to here is another large sizes.
Carefully remove the Orchid from the pot and carefully inspect it. Rotten roots need to be removed and the cut to process fungicidal drug. On the bottom of the container pour the expanded clay.
The thickness of the drainage depends on the type of Orchid. Then fill it with substrate na. It is also for certain types of flowers have a different composition.
Put on top of the plant, taking care not to damage the roots, and a little sprinkle of dried tree bark. Then if it is not strictly necessary, it is better not to do the transplant a few years.
The growing and care of orchids
Orchids like other plants when growing require care. This light, water, temperature conditions and mineral nutrition.
Destroy those plants are: abundant feeding, drafts, too much sunshine, excessive watering, close to the location of the heat source.
- Lighting should be 12-16hours a day (natural and
artificial). No more, no less otherwise it can negatively affect flowering and will reduce the productivity of photosynthesis. You need to monitor the cleanliness of the leaves, to avoid dust.
- Watering orchids should, as necessary, it all depends on the environment. Most importantly, the soil does not dry out, but not too raw. Yellowing leaves and wrinkled pseudobulbs may indicate improper watering. Watering orchids to a soft water at room temperature.
- These plants need good nutrition. Feed orchids need from the first day of the transplant. It is better to use fertilizer in the form of water soluble powders. For each species the features of fertilizer.
Growing orchids is very difficult and time-consuming process. Even buying in the store seedlings, the first results can be obtained after 4 to 6 years.
To grow an Orchid from seed at home is almost impossible, as in the industrial scale creates complete sterility and use a special substrate.
When caring for orchids you need to focus on the recommendations for your plants.