Onion – sowing and growing

onion - cultivation

An endless variety of onion will please any gardener.

Particularly desirable in the early spring varieties vitamin, crisp, bright-green onions — annual and perennial.

Salad onions, also known as spring onion, is one of the most easy to grow vegetables.

White thickened stems are fashionable to use instead of the onion bulbs.

Bow is extremely fast growing, and before it would attack any pest, it is usually removed.

Bow takes little space and requires no special care, except for watering in dry weather.

The most popular variety is a rapidly growing «white Lisbon» with a silver cloth. Another popular variety, beloved by many, «Ishikura» without bulbs with long straight stems.

Sowing and growing

Onion grows well in fertilized, carefully drained soils. Choose a Sunny place and in autumn dig the soil in advance.

All species prefer dense soil, so prepare it in advance so she has time to settle before planting.

Immediately before the actual planting, make the soil fertilizer. Seeds — Nigella-like pieces of charcoal. Sow they are very rare in brostoski to a depth of about 12 — 14 mm.

And the distance between the grooves with a bow should be 20 cm make a sowing in early spring and repeat every 4 weeks until mid-summer.

This ensures a continuous harvest of salad bows until the autumn. To get a crop in early spring, sow onions in the autumn for the winter.

Fans of the onion are sown in late winter in a greenhouse or under caps to get an early harvest.

After sowing the seeds cover with layer of soil, trying not to disturb, and thoroughly watered.

When there is not enough space, grow salad onions in trays or other containers filled with a mixture of compost and soil.

It is recommended to sow onions in the spaces between slow growing vegetables such as carrots. Onions not only give an early harvest, but also protect carrots from pests.

Onion requires little or no thinning. Time watering plants in dry weather and proplyvaya weeds. Be careful not to pull the young shoots with weed.

The harvest

Collect the bow, when it reaches a height of 15 cm, and the stems will be pencil-thin. Choose large plants, especially those that have begun to form bulbs.

Welsh onion

Welsh, or spring onion, similar to green, but he has a lot of stems. The processes of pencil-thin beams grow and reach a height of 30 cm.

Welsh onion grows best in bright places, in well-fertilized soil. Dig up the ground in the fall in advance. Seeds visivite from the beginning to the end of spring.

Thinned so that the distance between the grooves was 25 cm.

Stacked bow

Instead of flowers has small bulbs at the tips of stems and at the same time will give the bulbs in the ground. The bulbs of little onions, but very sharp in taste, perfect for salads.

Plants can reach a height of 45 — 75 cm, although not the first year. Tiered bow, you can germinate seeds, but it is easier to grow from apical bulbils or from the site.

Plant bulbs in a Sunny, well drained spot at a distance of 35 — 40 cm from each other. Multiroute using rotted garden compost.

These plants should be tied to a plastic mesh — otherwise the stems will creep along the ground, caved in from the weight of the bulbs. Then, the bulbs sprout, touching the ground, which is not always desirable.

Usually stacked bow itself continues from year to year to grow in the same place. Collect bulbils from the stems as needed for food or storage.

Pests and diseases

Plants of the onion family is attacked by worms and onion fly. Salad onions are usually not inclined to Muse mostly because he is growing rapidly.

In addition, it needs no thinning: the flies are often attracted to the smell removed by thinning of plants.

Tiered bow almost does not suffer from onion fly. Diseases of onion — root decay, the silk rot and powdery mildew.

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