Onion — cultivation
For the cultivation of onions is not shaded in various buildings and plants section.
To prevent the mass appearance of pests and diseases, it is recommended to grow onions on the same place no earlier than 5 years, and practice mixed planting.
Can not be planted next to plants of different species because of the threat of infection, especially long-term.
The best predecessors for this culture are: beans, tomatoes, cucumbers, early potatoes. If the soil acidity before digging it needs to be limed. Digging carried out in the autumn.
To limed soil by using wood ashes, besides the ash contains potassium, phosphorus and mineral fertilizers. Fresh manure should not make in the soil is entered rotted humus.
Onions, like other plants the necessary nutrients, if they are not to be missed, the harvest will decline. With a lack of nitrogen the leaves of onions become yellow-green in color, and then dry up.
In case of overdose, the accumulation of nitrates. When potassium starvation old leaves turn yellow, the tips curl and die.
To obtain onion turnip and then stored applied early spring sowing. Sowing depth depends on soil type, but in the formation of the crust, apply mulching to conserve moisture, and preventing the emergence of weeds.
In the beginning, conduct frequent watering, since the increase of the follicles reduce watering, and by the end of the season in about a month, watering should be stopped completely. In this case, there is an accelerated ripening and better preservation in the winter.
Become the more follicles, the more nutrients coming from the ground, therefore, for good development of plants need fertilizing with organic fertilizers.
It’s good to use an infusion of manure. For the first phase of development. Insist 2 weeks, stirring occasionally.
Composition: mullein 1:6, bird droppings 1:20, horse manure 1:10. For the second phase of vegetation as feed use 30-40g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulphate in a bucket of water. After watering and fertilizing the soil around the bow must be loosened.
For the prevention of rot and destruction of parasites, bow before farming you need to take in water at a temperature of 40-42S, for 8 hours.
Don’t forget to monitor the temperature. Before soaking, sort through the seeds and collect only high quality and healthy planting material.