Oleander — care at home
Oleander is the representative of the family Kutrovyh.
The length of the plant reaches 2 meters, there are more high types (up to 5 m).
This is a fairly large evergreen shrub with dark green narrow leathery leaves.
The flowers come in different colors: white, red and yellow.
Flowers in nature are very fragrant, while at home to feel their flavour is almost impossible.
The flowering oleander bushes in home starts in July and ends in September, and at the same time you can admire the buds, flowers and ovaries. After flowering, the plant forms the fruit-capsule.
Oleander in the home — care tips
Location and lighting
Oleander is grown in a well lit area, because the lack of light causes stretching of the shoots, fading leaves, in addition can not be disclosed ensued buds. In winter the plant needs to provide additional lighting.
In spring and summer (especially during flowering) plants, a relatively high temperature (20 to 27°C) and fresh air. In autumn, the temperature is gradually reduced to 15-18°C.
In winter, the oleander is transferred to a cool but well lit spot with temperatures of 8 to 15°C. the Room with higher temperature must be constantly ventilated.
Watering and humidity
Flower watered moderately even during flowering and active growth. The frequency of watering depends on the condition of earthen coma (needs to be slightly dried). With abundant irrigation and insufficient drainage of the plant’s leaves quickly turn yellow.
This is because the root system of the oleander get enough oxygen. Due to excessive irrigation can be formed even root rot that will cause the death of the plant.
When the temperature drops in the room the plants watered once in a decade. Suitable for irrigation rain water, well defended. Useful for flower spraying water.
The oleander is a good response to fertilizer and liquid organic fertilizer every 2 weeks (fertilizers, permanently you need to alternate). Dressing at home is carried out during a cloudy day half an hour after watering.
Transplantation and propagation oleander
Transplanting young plants per year, adults – every few years. In the composition of the substrate for transplantation there is loam, sand, humus and leaf mold (4:1:2:2).
Can reproduce by cuttings and seeds. Rooted cuttings in the ground and in the sand, but most likely it will happen in the water.
Pests and fight with them
Among the major pests of oleander excreting scale insects, spider mites, aphids and scale insects.
The appearance of these pests is associated can be linked to a poor diet, lack of moisture or excessive warmth in the winter.