Nightshade — care at home
Nightshade is a perennial herbaceous plant or small shrub, its leaves are dark green in color, smooth, shiny, lanceolate.
Flowering plant in the form of small panicles of white color that appear in the future results.
First, the fruit is green color, but gradually they turn red and darken. At this time the plant is most attractive and elegant.
The fruits of the plants are not edible, but at the same time not poisonous. Cute berry plants can cause severe intestinal disorders, so it is recommended to place the plant away from children and Pets.
Nightshade in the home — care tips
Location and lighting
Plants in the home need sunlight for its cultivation fit any window, except for the Northern orientation.
To avoid burning the plants, it should be placed so that it does not get direct rays of the sun. Summer flower can be remove to fresh air.
Nightshade is best to grow in areas with moderate warmth or even coolness. Excessive heat and dry air, definitely not for these representatives. For growing choose the coolest room in the house.
In addition, for as long as possible to keep the berries, the plant needs cold. In summer the plant can be at a temperature of 25-30°C, winter temperatures can drop to below 20°C.
Watering and humidity
In the period of active growth of nightshade should be watered abundantly. In winter, watering is reduced, it is important to avoid dryness of the earth. You can use a special moisture indicator. It is desirable to regularly spray the plant.
Before feeding nightshade should be treated very carefully. That one plant produced flowers and fruits it is necessary to feed additional nutrients.
In the growing season use a fertilizer for flowering plants. In winter feeding is reduced, but not stopped completely.
Transplantation and propagation of nightshade
Repot the plant annually in early spring. Rhizome flower small, so it is not necessary to take larger pots. A large part of the instances thrives in pots with a diameter of 13 to 15 cm, larger shrubs can be planted in pots with a diameter of 17-20 cm
When transplanting it is necessary to completely replace the soil, we should not forget about the drainage. To do this, use pebbles, broken bricks, expanded clay or gravel. Nightshade reproduction occurs by seeds or cuttings, potted
conditions the preference for the second option.
Nightshade pests and fight with them
Excessive dryness of the air leads to the fact that the plant may be affected by red spider mites. Among other pests seen aphids and whiteflies.