Nasturtium (Tropaeolum) growing and care
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum) is a genus of herbaceous and subshrub annuals and perennials, which includes about 40 species and belongs to the family Nasturciya.
Most of the members of the genus are grown in cottage gardens, but can be grown on balconies, loggias.
Nasturtium is also called «nasturtium», «nasturtium», «tropaeolum».
This plant has a very beautiful decorative look. In addition, young leaves, flowers and seeds of nasturtium can be eaten.
The flower belongs to the not very capricious plant, but some of the recommendations for care should be respected.
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum) — care tips
The location and lightingNasturtium heat-loving and photophilous plant prefers to grow in Sunny areas protected from wind gusts.
The soil should be friable and moderately fertile, as fertile Capuchin will increase the greenery and blooms will be sparse.
TemperatureNasturtium, especially in the beginning of its development, is very sensitive to frost, so plant and to sow it in the open ground should be no earlier than may.
WateringWatered frequently and abundantly before flowering. When I got the flowers, reduce watering and only produce during the drying of the soil.
Fertilizer nasturtiumsPotash and phosphate fertilizers are applied before flowering plants.
Transplantation and propagationare Often the nasturtium is propagated by seed. They can be in the middle of may, sow directly into the ground for 3 things in each well. The distance between the holes should be about 30 cm.
If you want to get earlier blooms, it is possible in late April – early may to sow nasturtium in pots, and after the cessation of morning frosts are transplanted into the soil without destroying the soil ball because the roots of the plants are very delicate and easily subject to damage.
Before sowing seeds are soaked in water for swelling during the day.
Can be propagated nasturtium and using the cuttings, which rooted well in water or wet sand. This method is especially good for breeding Terry varieties.
Alternatively, it is possible to transplant a developed plant in a pot and leave to spend the winter in a bright cool place, limiting irrigation. Spring plant ceramcoat.
Pests and fight with themNasturtium susceptible to damage aphids, Diamondback moth, cabbage flea beetles, white, spider
Most of the pests can be treated with ash, which priporashivajut plant.
From spider mites can be cured with drinking alcohol. Them spray the plant and soil.
If traditional methods did not help come to the aid of Biotin and Actellic.