Maranta — care at home
Maranta (Maranta) is a genus of herbaceous plants, which includes about 25 species and belongs to the family Marantaceae (Arrowroot).
The plant is low, reaches 20-30 cm
A distinctive feature is the spectacular decorative foliage, which on the main background stand out the bright spots and veins.
The main background of leaves can be from almost white to dark green.
The cultivation of arrowroot
Location and lighting
Arrowroot needs a bright, but diffused light, so it must be protected from direct sunlight.
It is best to place the plant in the Northern Windows, if this is not possible, then a Western or Eastern direction.
In the southern Windows arrowroot is better not to contain, as under the influence of bright light the leaves fade and lose color.
You can place the pot on a shelf or table near the southern window, as a shadow of the arrowroot is well tolerated.
Perfect location for arrowroot, you can choose carefully watching her.
So, the leaves of the plant under normal lighting placed horizontally. If the light is too much, then the leaves fall almost vertically down.
In the summer the best temperature for this heat-loving plants of 22-24°C, in winter it must be kept at temperatures below 16-18°C.
Watering and humidity
Loves Maranta highly humidified air, so year-round it every day should be sprayed with water pooled. Periodically, you need to give the plant a shower and wash the leaves.
If too dry air in the room is to put potted plants on trays filled with damp moss, sand or expanded clay.
Watering must be implemented with warm water pooled. In the summer the procedure is carried out every 2-4 days, making sure the soil was constantly moist. Reduce watering slightly in winter, allowing the soil to dry 2 cm
Feed the plant once every two weeks in the summer, and in winter not more than 1 time per month in twins with diluted fertilizers.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplant arrowroot carried out every 2 years in spring in a wide shallow pot, which should be more than the previous.
The soil should be porous and friable, on the basis of peat. Good drainage is essential. Most often the reproduction arrowroot is carried out by division of the plant.
To do this, at the time of transplant, divide the hive into two parts, so that each left 3-4 good roots and leaves.
Then the pots with the newly formed plants are covered with a package or wrap and put in a warm place until rooting.
Perhaps propagation and cuttings. This is done in the summer. Cut apical cuttings, having a length of about 8-12 cm, which is placed in the water to form roots and then plant in loose soil.
Pests and fight with them
The most frequently Maranta is subjected to the defeat of the red spider mites. The tips of the leaves wither and the plant appears thin web.
To combat the pest damaged leaves are removed and the plant treated with phytoverm or derris.
If arrowroot was struck by the mealybug, it is washed with a solution consisting of 20 grams of soap and 1 liter of water. Also the plant sprayed with actellic.