Mammilyariya — care at home
As if an industrious spider had put on in a lace dress of pure white fine threads this small and amazing flower.
And I want to touch it and see what’s inside with lace and small papillae, arranged in a spiral?
And secrets and mysteries in Mammilyarii a lot. Flower belonging to the genus of cacti, refers to the psychoactive natural plants, and is valued not only for its originality and beautiful flowers.
Information about it reached us from the lives of the peoples of Mexico, where Mammillaria craigii was used by shamans in rituals.
In Europe numerous species Mammilyarii, and there are about 300, are grown only for decorative purposes.
This is one of the most common flowers among the lovers of room floriculture. Experience in care and breeding of each individual plant variety is easy to find in numerous publications. Here are some General tips.
Location and lighting
Only a small portion of the many types of plants can grow in partial shade. And all the others require well-lit place.
Mammilyariya blooms in the spring or summer, as determined by the purchased variety. Flowers appear from the axils between the papillae, which are located on spines.
Particularly sensitive to lighting there are varieties with bright spines and a large hairline.
Inadequate lighting often leads to deformation and underdevelopment of the stems of the plants. A symptom of the lack of light is the stretching and thinning of the tops of the plants.
It is desirable to avoid the presence of permanent draught at the locations of the cactus. Often it is impossible to turn the pot around its axis. This slows down the start of flowering.
They are especially harmful during budding Mammilyarii. In case of forced relocation it is necessary to make marks on the pot.
The obligatory moment when growing Mammilyarii is the presence of dormant period without irrigation during the winter months.
It is necessary to maintain the temperature around 8°C. Most varieties Mammilyarii cold-hardy and tolerate even small short-term freezing.
Watering and humidity
During the summer heat Mammilaria watered 2 times a week, allowing the soil to dry. If the pot is on the window with Central heating in the winter need a little watering every 10 days.
Otherwise, the cactus blooms will be weaker. It is necessary to consider that the moisture lasts longer in plastic than in clay.
For watering it is better to use rainwater or boiled water. Normal water can be mitigated by settling it with a small amount of peat within 24 hours.
Since the spring until September spend feeding once a month a special fertilizer for cacti. It is not recommended to feed the plant during the transplant.
Transplantation and propagation
Plant Mammilyariya requires a careful choice of soil for planting in pots of small dimensions, which must match the size of the root system of the flower.
Most often used is wide, but not deep pots of plastic or clay, but not metal. The composition of the soil is determined by the variety grown plants.
A common requirement is slightly acidic properties and porosity of any soil type. Without drainage to plant the flower is prohibited.
Do not transplant the plant during budding and flowering. Mammilyariya gives a lot of prepared cuttings, called «kids».
Due to this, for multiplication do not have to resort to purchasing seeds and sophisticated cultivation of them.
For planting you can always swap with other fans. The stalk is cut with a quick movement, well-disinfected sharp knife.
After dusting the cut with charcoal, dried it for 2 days. Rooting cuttings is carried in prepared dry sand without watering, but only at the expense of regular spraying.
Never decay begins. Roots appear in 3 weeks. After which the flower is planted in a permanent pot.
Patiently following these simple requirements, you can admire the spiky balls, cylinders, dressed in a magical lace with beautiful flowers in different shades.