Lisianthus — care at home
Lisianthus is one of the representatives of the family gentianaceae, the place of its origin is Central America and Mexico.
The plant can be called «the Irish rose», «Prairie gentian», «Texas bell», «rock rose» or «eustoma».
The flower reaches a height of 30-70 cm, it has long, branched stems and elliptical leaves are bluish-green.
In house conditions the plant reaches 45 cm Flowers in its form is very reminiscent of the classic rose.
Color can be very diverse: white, apricot, blue, purple, violet, lilac color.
The cultivation of Lisianthus
Location and lighting
For flower more suitable for places where bright ambient light. Best plant to place at the Windows on the East or West side.
If the flower is located on the South side, in the summer it should pritenyat from the sun. Additional lighting ensures continued flowering into the autumn and winter periods.
In spring and summer, the temperature in the room where they grow Lisianthus should be in the range of 20-25°C in winter (dormant period), the ideal temperature is between 12 and 15°C.
Watering and humidity
The plant needs abundant watering, defended soft water. Water the flower once dried up the top layer of soil.
During the rest period, irrigation should be approached with extreme caution – the soil should dry out, but it lasted the dryness is unacceptable. During the irrigation water should not fall on the leaves.
When there is active growth and flowering of Lisianthus, it needs to be fed regularly. Feeding is done weekly, the use of complex fertilizers for flowering plants.
To create optimal growing conditions, flower, fed with calcium and phosphorus. As soon as the buds appear, feeding of added potash.
Transplantation and propagation
Lisianthus is grown mainly as an annual plant. Transplantation is needed only for seed or propagation by division.
This flower is best suited wide pot with a loose substrate. At the bottom is good drainage, which is necessary for preventive purposes against acidification.
The plant is propagated by seed or division of rhizomes. Reproduction dividing the Bush approach with great caution – the flower does not tolerate damage to the roots, which is why quite often after carrying out traumatic surgery the plant dies. The most reliable method of reproduction is considered to be the seed.
Pests and fight with them
The plant is striking whiteflies, thrips and spider mites. In case of an attack data pests flower treated with insecticide based on deltamethrin which is included. If the affected Lisianthus white mold, need treatment triforium.