Limetta — care at home
Trading numbers of the markets and supermarkets are striking in extremely bright shades of color, shape citrus fruit.
The usual names «orange», «tangerine», «lemon» replaced with «what’s that?».
So close to the fruit, which is called Limetta or (Citrus limetta), I want to know «is there a sweet lemon?».
And why sometimes it is called «sweet lime?» or Limon Shirin in Iran, Urdu and Marathi in India.
The reason for the existence of the numerous names of this citrus plant is its hybrid history from unknown parents.
Various classifiers equal Limetta include the varieties of lime or lemon.
In any case, the plant belongs to the family of citrus and can be grown not only in huge plantations in India, Indonesia, Brazil, Venezuela, West Africa, but just on your own windowsill.
Evergreen Bush, grown with the use of boards of craftsmen will beautify any home with its beautiful foliage, an abundance of delicate flowers and delicious fruits throughout the year.
Location and lighting
For growth Limetty in the apartment must be well-lit window. Sometimes you have to install additional lighting.
In a period of relative peace that evergreen plants use the cooler space for the winter.
In the summer it is necessary to maintain t 25°C, winter 10 to 13°C. During flowering the temperature should not rise more than 18°C. otherwise the buds will fall off.
Watering and humidity
For the successful cultivation Limetty special attention should be paid to proper watering. The soil beneath the plant should never dry out.
Summer watering should be every day small portions of water. Winter watering is once a week.
Use only well-defended tap water with t25 -30°C. In case of lack of moisture, the buds fall off, and fruiting in Limetty will not occur.
Dehydration changes the appearance and the leaves Limetty. First, they lose their elasticity and fall, and then fall. The plant is necessary to create conditions of high humidity to 90%.
For this purpose the spray guns, and in especially dry areas it is better to set electroclinical.
The plant responds to regular feeding. It is best to use a balanced fertilizer for citrus crops.
This is «Ava», «Kemira — Suite», «planet of flowers», «Garden of wonders». Trace elements entered separately 2 to 3 times a year.
Transplantation and propagation
One of the most difficult moments in the cultivation Limetty is the requirement of annual transplants in early spring in the first 7-8 years of life, and later through the year.
Very attentively it is necessary to treat the roots of the plants. This is due to the particular biological structure of the root system of citrus crops.
As a primer, the best option is a ready-made soil mixture of «Citrus». Reproduction Limetty is best done by cuttings.
And it is better to take cuttings from young bushes. The percentage of their survival rate significantly higher.
It is possible to propagate the plant through cuttings air obtained with 2 to 3 year old branches. The seed plant is considered to be the most difficult, requires special care. The percentage of germination of seeds Limetty low.
A plant formation in the form of a beautiful shrub requires skilful trimming. Usually leave 3 — 4 skeletal branches.
By cropping the tops get low shtamb. Annually remove branches that shade the crown and not fruit-bearing shoots. Pruning is carried out in the spring.
Pests and fight with them
Limetta may be affected by almost all pests. This thrips, scale insects, aphids. Special disease of citrus plants is hommos. Used to control the sulphate of copper and systemic fungicides.
Grow the Limetta in his house, trying her sweet flavor with great medicinal properties, known since ancient times, one can really say «they are different» lemon, lime, limetta».