Laim — care at home
Lime is an evergreen tree with an erect stem, branched and drivesave.
It can reach a height of 1.5 meters and more. Tree bark has a brownish color and looks pretty thin.
The leaves usually grow up to be medium size, bright green color, with a shiny surface and a pleasant smell. Some species can have spiny leaves.
Flowering trees usually occurs in the spring, however, and another period is no exception.
This unusual plant, as it can be and the flowers and buds, and fruits. Flowers in growth of reach a small amount of white that can appear as single, and to gather in the brush.
The formation of the fruit occurs very slowly and reaches 7 to 8 months after flowering.
Production of lime
Location and lighting
For growing lime need good lighting. For proper growth of suitable solar room, but in summer it is necessary to limit the direct sunlight on the leaves and create shade, so the plant did not get burns.
The most suitable place for the growth will be East or West windowsill.
Lime need 12 hours of light a day, so with the onset of autumn or winter it is better to install fluorescent lamps.
To move a tree from one place to another constantly is not desirable, as it may cease to grow and bear fruit.
During budding lime suitable temperature 14 to 18° C if the temperature is higher, the ovaries and buds may crumble.
With the onset of spring when the air warms up to 12°, can not long endure the open air, but we must know that he can not tolerate sudden temperature drops.
Lime tolerates the cold season when temperature is not above 14 — 16° C and a specific humidity.
Room preferably daily airing. Tree better not to put near open vents to avoid drafts.
Watering and humidity
Lime loves abundant watering, especially in need in the spring and summer, however, we must ensure that the plant was not flooded.
In winter, watering only when the top layer of soil is completely dry, but you cannot prevent its drying out, otherwise the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
Waterlogging can lead to bad consequences, namely, the decay of roots and death of the trunk.
Need to be watered with water that has stood at room temperature. In the spring, watering is best done in the morning, and in summer and autumn in the evening.
Lyme does not like too dry air, so with the onset of heat it is necessary to spray 2 times a day with warm water.
From March to October the plant is in active growth stage and during this period the necessary nutrition.
It is held every two weeks with a solution of complex fertilizers in combination with mineral or organic additives.
In winter, when the plant is in a cold room, to fertilize the land is not necessary. If the room is slightly cool, it can be 1 fertilizer once a month in moderation, so lime is not affected by excess fertilizing.
Transplantation and propagation
For planting a sapling of lime needed, a clay pot and special soil. The best time for planting is late winter or spring.
The soil should be permeable, loose and contain humus, including sod and leaf soil with coarse sand.
On the bottom of the pot, it is customary to lay a drainage layer of 2 — 3 cm of small stones, foam or other suitable material.
Drainage is from top 1 cm of dry manure and then the soil mixture. The roots of the seedling much to deepen it needs to be at the top layer of the pot.
After planting, immediately watered with warm water and a small greenhouse. If breeding to seeds, the first seedlings appear after about 30 or 40 days, and the first harvest can only be expected after 6 — 10 years, in case of observance of all technological conditions of production.
Grown indoors the plants are very vulnerable and when transplanting seedlings can fall the leaves, so care should be as correct.
Pests and diseases, combating
Among the diseases that hit home lime, the most common and dangerous is black mold and hommos.
When gommosa the bottom of the trunk is covered with cracks, which stands klejkovina liquid. As a result, the bark dies.
The causes of this disease can be deep planting, wetting, or watering with cold water. The fight against this disease is to protect disinfect a 3% solution of copper sulfate and smearing a paste made of lime or of the same vitriol.
Sooty fungus appears as a dark plaque, it is easily removed with a wet cloth or brush. To pests include scale insects, aphids, spider mite and mealybug.