Kalliandra — care at home
Kalliandra (legume family) are evergreen, fast-growing, perennial plant.
There are about 200 species of shrubs and small trees.
In nature can reach 1.8 meters in height.
Indoors it is recommended to keep its size is not more than 1 meter. Flowering occurs during winter and lasts up to 2 months.
Flowers hemispherical shape, composed of several dozen stamens, can reach up to 8 cm in diameter. There are white, pink and red colors.
To ensure that the duration of flowering should even at night to illuminate a plant with fluorescent lamps. At night, the leaves may curl.
Location and lighting
The kalliandra all year round requires a warm, well-lighted place. You should avoid contact with the direct sunlight.
In early autumn, the plant should be 1-2 weeks to put in a cooler room, this will encourage abundant flowering in winter.
The optimal summer temperature is +22-26 ° C in winter not below 16º C.
Watering and humidity
Kalliandra very sensitive to violations of the watering. Disastrous as the dryness and waterlogging of the soil.
Watering is not necessary until you see signs of drying, the top layer of the earth. The flower does not tolerate dry air, it requires daily spraying with warm boiled water. Every two weeks you should wash the plant under a shower.
Feeding should start after 1.5 months after flowering. Once every two weeks preferably watering with liquid fertilizer. You can apply organic and mineral fertilizing.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplanting plants is in early spring. The soil should consist of leaf compost and greenhouse soil, sand and peat in equal proportions.
Reproduction of this plant occurs by seeds, which after removal of the pods are soaked for 12 hours in water.
They are planted in furrows at a distance of 6 cm from each other, falling asleep 1 cm of soil. Young specimens start to flower at 3-4 years after planting. It is possible to grow from cuttings.
Pests and fight with them
Kalliandra may be affected by spider mites, whiteflies, aphids, mealybugs.
Mites are small insects which are difficult to spot. But the leaves are clearly visible their bites.
To control mites, use folk remedies – infusions of garlic, onion, yarrow and alder. From the store of drugs – «Malathion», «sulphur», «aktellik».
The whitefly is a tiny insect that is often confused with aphids. Striking the opposite side of the leaves, leaving whitish discharge.
The leaves turn yellow and fall off. Very effective against whitefly – «aktara», «actelec», «top-old», «konfidor», «commander».
Aphid – a small insect that sucks the juices from the plants, deforming the shoots promotes leaf roll and leaves a sticky discharge. Against this pest effective drugs «intavir» and «Malathion».
The appearance of mealybug plant is covered with white bloom. The control of this pest includes: wiping with an alcohol infusion, spraying soap solution with garlic, onions, peel an orange or Mandarin. From purchased drugs «intavir», «fufanon», «decis».