Jacaranda — care at home
Is a member of the family bignoniaceae from the tropics of South America.
It is a decorative tree or herbaceous perennial shrub with pinnate, with oppositely arranged leaves and tubular, purple or blue shade flowers that grow in the leaf axils and at the tips. Inflorescence panicle-like.
In house conditions it is possible to grow only young specimens of some species. Just include more than 50 species.
Jacaranda is valued for its wood in the manufacture of furniture, namely its red-brown dark shades.
Location and lighting
The plant needs a lot of bright light. A better place on the West and East Windows. While in the South window should pritisnite in the afternoon, although there is a perception that a few hours a day under the direct rays go in her favor.
Just bought a copy should be gradually accustomed to sunlight, to avoid burns in the sheets also do it after a long cloudy days. One-sided coverage may cause loss of decoration, and deformation of the crown.
The optimum temperature for the cultivation jacaranda from spring to autumn I believe from +22 to +24 degrees. At other times of the year maintained at a temperature not below + 16 degrees.
Watering and humidity
Watering should be regular, should be taken not to dry the top layer of the soil. When there is a change of leaves, reduce watering. The water before watering to defend the day.
Since jacaranda is a tropical plant, it needs high humidity, this pot is placed on a tray of water and peat or expanded clay. You need to spray every day.
Fertilize in spring and summer, about once a month complex mineral fertilizers, in other seasons and in the reset period of leaf feeding is not carried out.
Transplantation and propagation
Arrange the spring in a container with a larger diameter, when the roots fill the pot with substrate of sand, peat, turf and humus soil, or a mixture of leaf, turf, humus, peat earth and sand.
Propagated by seeds or cuttings. Seeds before planting, wrap in a wet cloth for a day, then planted in a greenhouse, in good lighting conditions.
Cuttings are cut in the spring and summer, roots in water, planted into the substrate only after the regrowth of roots about 5 cm..
Pests and fight with them
May be affected by spider mite and scale insects. In the spring, for the prevention of these pests, produce tillage and sprayed with a special agent.