Hypocyrta — care at home
Hypocyrta – tropical plant of the family Gesneriaceae, growing in Africa and South America.
There are 10 species of plants, of which home grown 2 varieties – «Naked» and «coin«.
Both of these species are epiphytes, shrub, low (25 cm) with a light or dark green rounded leaves.
The first variety has glabrous stems, and the second – pubescent. Pretty little flowers have Golden or reddish hue.
That the plant is well flowered, you need to follow certain rules, and periodically carry out pruning of the shoots.
Location and lighting
Optimal room conditions – bright but diffused light without direct sunlight. In the over-active influence of the sun on the leaves may appear burned. Possible and slight shading.
In warmer months, a comfortable temperature for hypocyrta – 20°C from October to February in the room should be cooler – about 13-15°C. Temperature below 12°C adversely affects the condition of the plants.
Watering and humidity
During the period of active growth and flowering flower watered regularly and rather abundantly, the soil was constantly moist. In autumn and winter the amount of moisture reduce, but do not allow the drying of the substrate.
For irrigation use settled and soft water, as hard water may result in poor health status hypocyrta. Excessive watering can lead to root rot and yellowing and wilting of leaves.
This plant prefers low humidity, so spraying and other measures for air humidification is not needed.
Feeding is only needed during the growing season – in March and October. Fertilize 1 time per week, using standard top dressing for flowering plants.
Transplantation and propagation
Every year around February hypocyrta transplanted. For this you can use a ready substrate for azaleas, with the addition of 15% of expanded clay.
You can also combine equal proportions of leaf, humus earth, peat and sand. It is important that the soil was soft and loose.
Propagated by cuttings. The cuttings are separated from the parent plant and placed in a rooting mixture of peat and sand, moisturizes and maintaining a temperature of 20-25°C.
Pests and fight with them
Most often harm whiteflies, scale insects, aphids and spider mites that negatively affect livelihoods and flowering hypocyrta. If these insects appear on the plant, it is treated with special insecticides.