Growing rutabagas in the garden and its useful properties
Rutabaga is a bit neglected by our gardeners, but in vain, this culture contains a large number of vitamins ( C, B1, B2, R), pectin, fiber, carotene, mineral salts (sulphur, iron, potassium, phosphorus), and so on.
Our ancestors used useful properties Swede for healing wounds, as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic.
It is recommended for constipation and atherosclerosis.
This product brings the greatest benefit in the winter and early spring, when the body lacks vitamins.
Suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, to indulge in the dishes of turnip is not recommended.
This cold-hardy plant, perennial raskalennye prefers loamy and peat soils.
When properly grown, turnips can reach 20kg., and its leaves grow to 60cm. in height, which is suitable to feed livestock and silage.
Seeds are sown in the spring, after snow melt, usually in late April. The vegetative period of this crop lasts from 110 to 130 days.
Seeds sprout at temperature 1-3 ° C., and the young seedlings can withstand short-term freezing to -3 ° C. The optimal conditions for growing rutabagas 12-17 ° C.
In a hot and dry summer, the roots of this culture lose their flavor and woody. Dig site for planting, remove any weed roots and break up large lumps of earth.
Prepare grooves with a depth of 4-5cm, add the humus, and sifted wood ash layer 1.5-2 cm and well shed water.
Turnip seeds are sown at a distance of 5-6cm, depth 2cm cover with soil. On 2-3days to cover the film. In 5-6 days you should see sprouts.
Growing turnips need to follow Zagumennaya, it does not tolerate shading. The first thinning is carried out after the appearance of first 2 leaves.
The distance between plants 15 cm, leave the Second at the stage of 5 leaves, leaving 20cm between seedlings. This garden plant is easy to transplant, so to throw the thinned bushes is not necessary.
Them carefully using a spoon remove the lump of land and planted in a free spot. Vacant sites are filled by soil.
After thinning conduct watering. Do the turnips need regular watering, loosening the soil, fertilization and light hoeing of root crops.
Only in this case, you can expect to receive a good harvest in their suburban gardens.
The first feeding it is desirable to phase 5 leaves the slurry diluted in water (1:10).
Approximate consumption of 1 liter per plant. Second the beginning of the formation of the fruit (3 tbsp. of complete fertilizer per 10 liters. water).