Growing daikon in the open ground
One, rarely biennial plant belongs to the Cabbage family.
Leaves large petiolate, up to 40-60cm., and a width of 15-25cm., on the edge can be jagged or wrinkled.
Fruits daikon smooth, depending on the varieties can differ in shape, diameter and length.
Daikon is a long day plant, although some varieties are neutral to the length of a period, but they do not tolerate shade, so the choice of site must take this into account.
Culture cold-resistant and hygrophilous. Can withstand a short low temperature. During prolonged frosts slows down development and leads to the death of the plant.
Daikon seeds germinate even at 2°C, but the optimum temperature is considered to be in the range of 14-26°C.
Lack of moisture affects the quality of the harvest, the fruits grow small and irregularly shaped, tastes bitter. Rare but excessive watering leads to cracking root crops.
Daikon loves deeply ploughed and fertile soil. Mineral fertilizer responsive, but organic fertilizers are not recommended, as the roots grow branched.
A vegetable grown in open ground, although it can be protected. When crop rotation crops are the best predecessors cucumbers, tomatoes, beans and carrots.
It is not recommended to grow daikon after turnip, radish, cabbage, and radish. In the same place to sow vegetable can be no earlier than 4 years.
The soil prepared in the fall, make compost (5 kg/m2), nitrophosphate (50g/m2) and dug with a bayonet spade. In the spring loosened and harrowed ridge, then spread evenly across the surface of the potassium sulfate and ammonium nitrate at 20g/m2.
Daikon seeds are sown in the second half of July. For consumption in the summer period, early maturing varieties are sown in late April. Sow 3 seed per row using 12-15cm for a depth of 3cm. Upon completion, the soil is compacted and mulched.
The shoots of young plants it is recommended to pollinate wood ashes to their cruciferous flea beetles
not destroyed. For all the vegetation, it is recommended to spend 3 loosening of row-spacings.
Thinning daikon carried out in phase 2 true leaves. In order not to damage the root system and do not accidentally pull out desired plants, it is better to cut with scissors.
Harvesting is best done in dry weather, undermining the fruit with a shovel.