Gloxinia — care at home
Gloxinia is a popular indoor plant of the family gesneriaceae.
It has a few basic types, most of which are herbaceous plants, with tuberous rhizome, a thick velvety leaves and flowers are similar to bells.
Depending on species the leaves can be pointed or rounded, with a reddish tinge or silvery streaks.
The flowers grow on long stalks and gathered in clusters, are purple, pink or white with bright trim.
Cultivation of gloxinia
Location and lighting
For this plant the better the lighting – diffuse and bright. Unacceptable direct rays – they help slow growth, the appearance of spots on the leaves from excess light pedicels are shorter, and the buds are hiding under the leaves.
If light is low, the plant is pulled into growth by giving a small amount of pale colors. He does not like drafts.
Suitable for gloxinia summer temperature – 20-23°C during the day and at night about 18°C. it is Impossible to prevent changes in temperature. If the flower provide a winter rest period at this time maintained at a temperature of 10-14°C.
Watering and humidity
During the growing season requires abundant watering, this use of soft cold water, which is poured into the edge of the pot or pan.
The pan must not accumulate moisture, because then it is bad for plants humidity. After flowering, watering is greatly reduced.
Despite the fact that the gloxinia loves high humidity (80%), spray the leaves and flowers is not desirable. Better to humidify the air by placing the pot on a tray of moist pebbles. The bottom of the pot should not be in the water.
From April until the end of the summer are necessary feeding. To do this, use a standard fertilizer for flowering plants, reducing by half the recommended ratio. Feeding is carried out in 7-10 days.
Transplantation and propagation
After the end of the dormant period (February-March) the flower is removed from the tank, remove all the rotten parts of tubers, washed, soaked in potassium permanganate and dry, planted in a pot, deepening 2/3 of the tuber.
Then put in a bright place. After the appearance of new leaves refilled the ground. The substrate should consist of a sheet (twice), peat soil and sand.
Gloxinia is propagated leaf cuttings and seeds. When using the first method, young leaves with a piece of the petiole separate and take root in a mixture of peat and sand, covered with glass and kept at a temperature of 22-24°C. After rooting, the cuttings planted in small pots.
Seeds in November-February are put in boxes, filled with ground sheet, peat and sand. In a bright and warm place they are kept, pouring warm water until emergence.
Pests and fight with them
To gloxinia can attack thrips and mites. Fight with them using the «fitofarm» and other special funds.