Gillyflower — home care
Gillyflower (Mattiola) is a herbaceous plant with fragrant flowers belonging to the genus of annual or perennial plants of the Cabbage family.
The genus includes about 20 species, which grow only two: «gray Garnet» and «L. two-Horned».
Garnet can grow in a herbaceous plant or shrub with erect stems and flowers, collected in the form of an ear or hand. Their characteristic yellow, purple or pink.
Flowers can have both regular and soft surface. In the plant reaches a height up to 80 cm and that Levkoy distinguish between low, medium and high.
The location and cultivation
For Wallflowers most suitable place will be open Sunny areas. It is important that near the plant were not other members of the cabbage family, or as they are called cruciferous.
For growth should be fertile, loamy, sandy, or black soils without water stagnation. In autumn to loosen the ground and make organic and mineral fertilizers in the spring.
In case of prolonged drought the flowers are small and quickly begin to subside, so in these times requires abundant watering in the morning and daytime.
The plant is well adopts the humus and mineral fertilizers. However, fertilizing with manure need to be deleted, as it can affect the appearance of such diseases as Fusarium.
Transplantation and propagation
If matthiola grow in the right conditions, the seedling can tolerate temporary temperature decrease to -5°C, which contributes to her landing in the open ground in may.
First planted seedlings, raspolirovyvayut in boxes or greenhouse, while watering it twice a day at the rate of 1 litre of water per plant. If the seedlings are grown in cubes, landing can be carried out later.
It would be good to wait to start budding for a less painful transplant. Landing is usually a tape, the distance between the strips 70 cm and rows 40 — 50 cm.
If the sowing was made in the open ground, early varieties begin to bloom in late July, and late in the second half of August.
All varieties of Wallflowers propagated by seeds, planting them in seed boxes or greenhouses in mid-March. Until germination it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 16 — 18 °C. For continuous flowering crops can be carried out every 10 — 15 days.
The plant may be affected by Fusarium wilt or Clubroot. A hernia is a fungal disease that appears in the case of growth for other crucifers.
As the plant belongs to the cabbage family, it can hit the same pests as cabbage white, cabbage flea beetles or butterflies are cabbage butterflies.