Gesneria — care at home
Gesneria includes numerous genus of plants of 70 species. It came from Central and South America and is often grown indoors.
As a rule, has a height of 50 cm, are opposite, oblong-oval leaves and large pink or red flowers, solitary or in inflorescences.
With proper care blooms from early spring to late autumn.
Cultivation of gesneria
Location and lighting
Gesneria does not like bright light, especially does not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, it is set on the East or West Windows if the window is South-facing, remove the pot from him or occlude with gauze.
It grows well in artificial light, it is enough to 14-16 hours lighting a fluorescent light.
During summer a mandatory fresh air, can at this time to make a pot on a balcony or bring to the country, protect the flowers from direct sunlight, rain and wind is required.
Gesneria thermophilic. Summer minimum temperature – 20°C, in winter it is desirable to maintain not less than 18°C.
Watering and humidity
This water-loving plant does not tolerate drying earthen coma, especially during the active growing season.
So watering at this time should be plentiful. The waterlogging also a bad influence on his life. After flowering watering much less.
Moderately watered, and after planting. It is important to keep that water falling on the leaves, as this can cause yellowing.
In this regard, the plant is not sprayed, and the high humidity it needs, provide, putting the pot on a tray with wet expanded clay or peat.
During the growing season gesneria provide additional supplements. For this purpose, special flower fertilizer, which are sold in stores. They make the soil every 2 weeks.
Transplantation and propagation
Often after flowering to guesnerie a period of rest. Tubers dug from the earth until the middle of January, keeping in the sand.
Then they hold a little solution of potassium permanganate, put in fresh soil, consisting of leaf soil, humus, peat and sand (in equal parts) and a small amount of sod land.
Propagated by cuttings and seeds. For reproduction of the first method in the late spring or summer sheet is separated from the plant and planted in the wet sand before rooting, it is important to provide good irrigation and high temperature (not less than +24°C). Autumn young tubers should be dug and keep all winter under +12-14°C.
Seeds are planted in a mixture of leaf soil, sand and peat, not prisypaya top. For rapid germination, they provide a temperature of 20°C, abundant watering, and then the seedlings are planted in a separate container.
Pests and fight with them
Most often gesneria amaze aphids, spider mites, thrips or whiteflies. To get rid of them using special insecticides.