«Gentleman’s set» of tools.
For keeping garden equipment in good order requires the necessary tools.
To do this, farming must be ensured:- bayonet spade, which dug the earth;- shovel for compost, or to scatter the fertilizer and sand;— a pitchfork to loosen the ground and dig up the garden;- a rake to rake up the garbage, leaves, mowed grass;- a hoe and a hoe for hilling plants, and uprooting weeds;- universal cultivator, universal for weeding, tilling the land and hoeing of planted species;- pruning shears, which is very necessary for cutting the dry twigs and superfluous shoots;- a funnel and garden hose with necessary attachments.
How to choose a bayonet shovel the Shovel is used most often. There are two types: pointed (rounded) tray or rectangular. For virgin lands are used by more than sharpened spade type, as solid ground.
We recommend such land to buy cuttings for shovels from the manufacturer, as they are more durable and less likely to break. Shovel dig a rectangular light soil, the land that has previously been processed.
Stronger than all trays are manufactured from special steel. If the shovel stainless steel, it is not subject to corrosion, however when using it on hard ground bends.
A shovel of any type of steel should be used regularly. Then she spontaneously cleaned and will not rust.
Trays made of aluminum alloys is less practical. But titanium, though expensive, but are the best option. This shovel is lightweight and durable, and the earth does not stick.
An important attribute of a shovel is the handle. Often use a wooden handle. But cuttings are produced of steel, CFRP or aluminum, covered with plastic. They are more expensive than conventional wood, but have a number of advantages.
Steel shanks are the most durable, albeit heavy. Aluminum shanks — lightweight and durable. But the carbon fiber will bend under load, so that such cuttings can be used only when digging a light soil.
If the handle has a spotted twig, it is desirable to replace as it is a fast break. The burrs on the handle of the shovel can drive the splinters. But polished and the handle is also a minus for the shovel: will slip (spin) in the hands and interfere with the operation.
The top of the stalk is round, because otherwise the emphasis of the palm will cause a gradual rubbing calluses. On solid ground is sometimes used bayonet shovel with the handle-bar. Its form is Y-, D — or T-shaped, which helps to stick sharper with more power.
It differs from a bayonet in the shape of the tray. The working part of it in the form of a scoop, with an attachment of the tray to the shaft at an angle. Dig it the beds are uncomfortable and useless.
But effectively works on the selection of land with fertilizer, sand or other bulk materials. With her help load the car.
Compost can be used for transferring not only a shovel but a pitchfork, only with short and curved teeth. If the forks are straight, this tool can be used for digging the garden instead of a bayonet shovel. The load will be less.
Only the land does not have to be virgin, as the solid roots of the grass not cut (like when using a shovel), and are cut off. For this purpose, take the steel fork because the plastic will not withstand such loads.
The need to rake
The rake I use often. If the teeth are hard, they easily break up large clods after digging. But such a tool also loosen the ground or shoveling garbage.
Only for garbage collection it is better to take the inventory with a few teeth, and the land process will need rakes with a large number of teeth. Fan view of a rake in which the teeth of the fastening fan out and collect grass and leaves.
The convenience of a garden rake depends on the proper selection of the length of the cutting, as well as appropriate to the job of capturing the working of the tool.
If rake is wide and long handle, they are convenient to handle a wide area. However, small and uneven sections of such a tool is not practical.
The use of hoes
Hoe Spud usually useful plants or uprooting weeds. Form hoes depends on its «specialization».
The grass on the track it is better to remove the tool, whose side edges are sharp. When blade oval, its purpose — the formation of lawns.
The hoe-harrow, which resembles the tooth of a plow used for loosening the soil, collecting uprooted weeds and hilling plants.
Handle hoes, and other tools should be comfortable and the steel quality. Better to have a few hoes for different purposes.
The need for ploskorez
Like shovels, the purpose of it is universal. Ploskorez presents a curved plate of metal with sharpened working part. The shaft is made of wood.
They treat the soil — weed loose. Also mow the weeds and hilling the plants need, and form thin beds.
No pruner can’t do
Shears without effort, you can cut branches, usually up to 1 cm thick. Secateurs, scissors or bypass pruning shears — for the young shoots and flowers.
Their designs are sharpening. But the pruner-lopper to cut thicker branches. The branch falls on the lower «anvil».
Cut off the top blade, which is sharpened. Even 3 inch in diameter branches are pruning shears. Of course, if it is well honed.
Fit for irrigation
The most simple — a funnel to collect the water that gardeners use surface drainage. Plastic is better and easier galvanized, and is a long time. To the spout of the funnel is not clogged when you use water from the river, install a strainer.
But preference is given to hose. Now in addition to rubber, in the sale of corrugated hoses of polyvinyl chloride, which is easier and cheaper. Although they are more rigid and less comfortable. The most practical in a multi — layer plastic hose.
The outer layer will protect from damage, and the inside is smooth, facilitates the flow of water. The sprinkler, a fitting for connection to the water system, a pair of clutches in reserve to connect the hose — that’s all preparation for the glaze.