Fertilizer for house plants – feed the soil
In the period of intensive growth for the formation of the root system, development of green shoots and the formation of the fruit plants need a nourishing diet.
The soil is quickly exhausted.
This period of time to restore nutritional elements, flowers are helpful to add fertilizer.
Fertilizers for indoor plants are selected individually, because the nutrition from the soil roots flowers a physiologically complex process that is associated with the metabolism and occurs after a good watering.
For the best proceeds of minerals needed good air flow, the optimum acidity of the soil mixture (pH), temperature and the concentration of salts in the ground.
Fertilize the soil needs a variety of elements (nitrogen, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, boron, phosphorus, zinc, molybdenum, sulfur, copper, cobalt, manganese), some percentage houseplants need more, others less, but all these micro — and macroelements important for the normal development of flowers.
Nitrogen is one of the important elements of root nutrition. Deficiency slows the growth of plants and the color of the leaves. Good potash fertilizer, ammonium nitrate, urea.
Phosphorus — is necessary for colors in the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. Young plants slowed growth, delayed root development and flowering.
As fertilizer you can use potassium phosphate and double superphosphate.
Potassium lack of this macronutrient noticeable for dying the edges of the leaf blades. This element is needed to increase water-holding capacity of the protoplasm.
Potash fertilizers give plants resistance to disease and accelerate the development of the root system. As feed use potassium chloride and potassium salt.
Calcium also promotes disease resistance and root development. The source of calcium is the sulfate and nitrate of calcium.
Magnesium — activates in plant tissue are important enzymes of photosynthesis and respiration. The disadvantage of this block is manifested on the leaves of flowers, they become pale and are full. It is the result of destruction of chlorophyll.
As a fertilizer for indoor plants suitable magnesium sulfate. Iron is essential for oxidation-reduction processes.
In case of iron deficiency the leaves become a light yellow color, destroys auxin, which is needed for the formation of the root system and growth of the flower. The source of the chlorides and sulphates of iron.
Manganese is also involved in redox processes. Due to lack of manganese in plants accumulates large amounts of iron, which begins to have on a houseplant poisonous action. For soil nutrition can be used manganese sulfate.
Boron improves the supply of the root system by air. The absence inhibits the growth of roots, growth point dies. For feeding suitable boric acid.
Molybdenum – necessary for the growth of plants and nitrogen-water exchange. Contained in molybdate ammonium.
Copper – participates in carbohydrate and protein metabolism and increases the resistance of plants to fungal diseases. As fertilizer is applied copper sulfate.
Zinc is needed for the formation of chlorophyll. In the absence of the leaves develop light green organochlorine spots, the leaves are shrinking.
As feed growers administered the sulphate of zinc. You should not add fertilizer to the plants when they are dormant, sick and just transplanted.
The first food of the soil is carried out in 2-3 weeks.