Epiphytic plants — care at home
Epiphytic plants belong to the bromeliad family, they have the original form of the inflorescence and leaves, and are highly ornamental.
Their difference lies in the fact that they live on other plants but not parasitic, and are just looking for support.
Epiphytic plants live in the tropics, but now increasingly, they began to breed in the home.
Very popular orchids, billbergia, cacti, tillandsia, vriyeziyi, bromeliads, ferns and many others. The most important thing when growing these plants to adhere to certain rules and conditions of their stay.
Room epiphytic plants care
The root system of such plants is very interesting – in some species it is either missing, or underdeveloped and serves only for fixing, soil in this case is made from peat moss, bark or certain mixtures.
Secondly, it is well developed for terrestrial existence, but this requires a special soil mix and regular fertilizing.
The form often have a Cup-shaped or campanulate, the leaves bright colorful shades, and flowers in General are a kind and charming. For epiphytic plants is very important lighting, temperature and humidity.
Grow at home in pots or epiphytic trees made of particular branches of trees or metal framework covered with wood bark.
In the first case, use transparent pots with lots of holes or wood, often home-made, from the bark of trees or sticks of bamboo. The substrate must be sufficiently absorbent and breathable.
When transplanting should be very careful with the roots, to avoid damage to them, after to consolidate the plants for durability. With dry air cover with a plastic bag to preserve moisture.
Watering epiphytic plants need warm water whose temperature is 2-3 degrees higher than room temperature, or submerge the pots in water for a few minutes to soak the substrate, then give a little water to drain.
In the indoor environment to achieve the required moisture is almost impossible, so the plants often need to spray almost hot water, to avoid hypothermia.
Along with all the procedures such plants must be periodically fed with mineral fertilizers (1 every 10-12 days), between this period rinse
the substrate with clean water to prevent accumulation of salt.
Epiphytic plants, like others, can be susceptible to pests such as whiteflies, aphids, thrips, spider mites.
In such cases it is necessary to isolate a sick plant, to see the other, to avoid mass destruction, and to take certain measures depending on the pest.