Recently Eleutherococcus senticosus officially recognized medicinal plant whose properties are similar to the properties of Chinese ginseng.
Made on its basis of medicines used in the form of extract as a tonic, tonic and stimulant.
A shrub common in deciduous forests, along river valleys and on mountain slopes. Its habitat stretches from Sakhalin and Primorye to China and Korea.
As it is well known in America, where the first mention of it Dating back to the 1860s. People Siberian ginseng is often called wild pepper.
This spiny shrub, reaching a height of two meters. Its powerful root system can penetrate deep into the soil to fifty centimeters, and side branches diverge in different directions by more than four meters.
Complex five-fingered leaves with pointed ends similar to the leaves of ginseng. On their underside and petioles exude a noticeably reddish hair.
Thin sharp spikes are concentrated in the upper part of the Bush and distributed to the young shoots yellow.
The earlier shoots are covered with significantly fewer spines, easy to recognize by their light gray bark. August is the month of flowering of Eleutherococcus.
At this time, on pretty long stalks bloom its flowers, which possess a strong odor resistant.
Maturation occurs in late September – early October. Black shiny fruits in the form of drupe edible, they have the form of rounded heads and are usually long hanging on the Bush.
Shrub resistant to lack of direct sunlight and grows well in the shade. He is not afraid of strong frosts, but very demanding with regard to large amounts of moisture in the soil and the air.
The life expectancy of each Bush is about thirty years of age, and annual growth can reach up to forty inches.
Shrubs should be periodically cut and remove suckers. The best time to trim is the middle of spring.
Methods of reproduction of Eleutherococcus very diverse. This can be used as seeds and cuttings, and root suckers.
Seeds from your best plants to plant after stratification, as in most cases, they have an underdeveloped embryo.
First, they need to be kept at room temperature for at least two months, then reduce it to moderate cold for one month.
After another two months the seeds should be done when the zero indicator of the thermometer. As to the reproduction by cuttings, it is best to plant in mid-summer, between the second and third weeks of July.
It should also be mentioned that Eleutherococcus senticosus can be used for landscaping and the creation of a living thorn hedge for registration of the decorative groups and landscape.
Simplicity, high frost resistance and healing properties make it promising for use on most garden plots of Eurasia.