Echinopsis — care at home
The nature of Latin America abounds with plants Echinocactus.
In Greek it is «hedgehog». There are a wide variety of types of Cactus. And each of them is interesting in its own way.
Echinopsis growers are attracted not only by the ability to transform from small balls into oblong ribbed stems with thorns.
This plant is able to produce amazing buds, exude a fragrant aroma.
The flower — care tips
Location and lighting
Like all Cactus plants of the Echinopsis needs a great abundance of bright sunshine. Therefore, the most successful location for cactus are Windows, South-facing light.
Pritenyat the flow of solar rays is not necessary. Except for young plants in the afternoon when the sun is particularly active.
The temperature for the Flower depends on the time of year. In summer the plant is able to withstand any heat. With the onset of autumn indoors it is desirable to gradually reduce the temperature, preparing the Flower before the rest period.
In the winter time it is impossible to prevent lowering the temperature below 10-12 ° C, otherwise the plant may die. Not tolerate Echinopsis and a sharp temperature jump.
Watering and humidity
This cactus is not sensitive to humidity. But in dry climates the plant is feeling much better. Watering is also extremely rare, as drying the soil to a greater depth in summer. And completely eliminates watering plants in winter.
In the period when the Flower is actively growing, and during flowering, it is necessary to feed. In winter extra meals not included.
Fertilizer for cactus divorce according to the instructions on the package and added into the soil with a frequency of 1 times 30 days.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplant the Flower every 2 years regardless of the age of the plant, well-draining soil. Immediately after transplantation a lot
it is recommended to water – better to do it after 3 days.
Propagated the Flower children, whom he is almost completely covered. Old specimen can be updated, if you cut the top and replant in new soil (without throwing out the «stump»).
You’re lucky to collect the seeds, they can also be spring planted in moist substrate.
Pests and fight with them
Echinopsis is the most resistant to diseases of all species of cacti. Not particularly annoy him, and pests.
But if the plant is still infested with mites, mealybugs or aphids, it is enough to wash the soapy water temperature to just above room.