Earwig — care at home
The world of insects is enormous in its variety, the names of most of its members a simple man nothing to say.
However, there are «harmful insects» are familiar to almost everyone, the mention of which often causes a feeling of light disgust and causes a little flinch or wince.
We are talking about the earwigs, folk – dvukhvostka. This popular name of the insect is obliged by the end of the body (abdomen) two hard Church (processes).
The shoots have a slightly curved shape and resemble ticks. Hence another name – Clasica. The same earwig insect called because of the shape of the wings in the expanded state is similar to the human ear.
Plus the insects in a sufficiently large body size, adult specimens can reach a length of 18-20 mm, which makes their detection and neutralization.
This is especially true with the defeat of earwig indoor and greenhouse plants. The insect body elongated, dark brown color with a reddish-Golden tint.
Visually it seems that the earwig (dvukhvostka) as it consists of two parts, abdomen with mites and the rest part is covered by dense nacrelli from under which could be seen three pairs of legs.
The head is resembles a triangle with rounded corners. Compound eyes (convex and fixed) that are located on either side of the head. Below the eyes are long jointed antennae.
Earwigs very nimble, moves with the legs, very fast running. The wings are rarely used, mainly for migration and favorable conditions of life.
In the expanded state, the wings are quite large, and to fit them under nacrelli the insect have to work hard — each wing is the fan (up to 40 layers), then folded twice across.
Unlike the wings, the value of ticks in the life of an insect is difficult to overestimate. They help to hold prey and to fill the folded wings serve to intimidate enemies.
In case of danger earwigs raises the rear part of the abdomen and dangerously sends ticks to the offender, at the same time vpryskivat from the abdominal glands of a special protective secret. Can and pinch with pliers.
Of course, large animals and humans earwigs can not resist, but from ants and other small insects are quite able to defend themselves. Earwig lives in dark places with high humidity.
Conducts nocturnal, hides in secluded places: on the bark of trees and hollows, under stones, stumps and different subjects that lie on the ground.
Don’t forget also to get under a dirty wet rag or accidentally forgotten on the night of gardening gloves.
Love to heat and moisture causes the earwig in basements or bathrooms of residential houses, where she goes to hunt at night in residential areas.
Extracting it can be a potted plant, which she eats all the parts from the stems and leaves to flowers and seeds, leaving the place of the meal the holes.
In the gardens of the earwig eats not only plants, but also sweet berries and fruits: apples, peaches, grapes, strawberries.
Prefers to use the result of the work of other pests, climbs in already damaged by caterpillars or birds fruit.
On apiaries, creeps into the hives and penetrates into the honeycomb, eating the pollen, and bee bread. This clearly called earwig pest is not entirely true.
Thanks omnivorous, it can be even useful in the garden, of course, under condition of not too large size.
So, crawling on fruit trees, the insect eating Apple aphids, eggs of podogora, caterpillars of Codling moth and leafrollers.
Additionally, the insect does the work of a medic, destroying the ground and various fungi under the bark of trees. Basically earwig develops in one generation.
To continue the race fits very responsibly, mating begins in late summer and takes up to several hours.
For egg laying the female is in the ground, at a depth of 8-15 cm, digs a burrow or crawl in the tunnels of earthworms, where it stays for the winter, covering the rejected offspring of his body.
Males spend the winter in close proximity with females, but rarely survive the winter and basically die. Female earwigs — an exemplary mother.
The eggs develop within 5-6 weeks, and all the while «mom» carefully licking them, preventing mould and helping the larvae to «see the light».
This concern doesn’t end for another few weeks newborns are under the care of my mother that feeds, warms and does not allow to spread.
After completing their «maternal duties», the female dies, the grown «children», eating away at her body and start an independent life.
During mass reproduction the insects cause much more harm than benefit and can not only cause substantial harm to the plants, but to destroy them completely.
The fight with earwigs it is advisable to start with the deep digging of the soil in autumn and spring. This will help to destroy overwintering females and eggs.
Timely garbage, rotten wooden boards and sticks, crop residues and grass and weed control will create unfavourable conditions for earwigs, and it will not stay on the site.
Good results are obtained by setting special traps (rewards) for insects. Simply spread on a plot of tufts of grass, boards, damp cloth.
In places of the greatest congestion of pest you can put plastic containers, cans or flower pots filled with wet hay or bran, and rolled tubes of paper.
Check traps daily, in the daytime; caught insects destroyed with boiling water or burned.
Insect repellent garden beds with plants sprayed with infusion of onions and garlic, with the decoction of wormwood or tansy, solutions of soap or boric acid.
For the complete destruction of insects you can use systemic insecticides (special chemicals) – «Decis», «spark», «INTA-VIR», «Fufanon» and others.