Duranta care at home
Is a member of the family verbenaceae, native to latitudes of South America, Mexico and India.
It is a perennial, evergreen, flowering, shrubby plant with flowers, leaves that have notches at the edges.
The flowers are small, gathered in hanging inflorescences that can be very different shades – pink, blue, purple, lilac, white.
Flowering occurs from April to September.
In place of flowers appear orange berries. Count in nature, about 36 species of shrubs or small trees.
Sell quite unpretentious in cultivation, the similarity of leaves with leaves of birch, it is called the «birch room». Berries and leaves are poisonous, so be careful.
Location and lighting
Better positioned on the Western and Eastern window. Plant light-requiring, does not require dimming. In dark rooms will not bloom, or do not.
In winter it is necessary to maintain a reasonable temperature not below +16 degrees. In summer it is better to bow to contents in the open air (balcony, house), or in a well ventilated area, but without the cold drafts. The contents at a high temperature can lead to attack by scale insects.
Watering and humidity
The soil should always be slightly moist. From spring to autumn needs abundant watering in winter is moderate.
Duranta need moist air, so regularly sprayed with soft, warm water in winter, protecting, thus, the effects of heating appliances. You need to avoid getting water on the flowers.
Feed in summer, about every 2 weeks fertilizer with a minimum content of nitrogen to prevent overgrowth of leaves.
Technology feeding – remove the top layer of the earth from a plant pot, put 2-3 tablespoons of humus, close to the wall of the pot and fall asleep on top of the removed soil.
Transplantation and propagation
Arrange about once a year, in spring, large specimens are transplanted every 2 years, old plants only change the top layer of the earth. For this purpose, a rich loose soil.
Duranta is propagated by seeds and vegetatively, this spring cut young cuttings, rooting them in a nourishing, warm, loose substrate. The water for irrigation add a bit of growth stimulant to speed up the rooting process.
Pests and fight with them
May be affected by spider mite and scale insects when too dry air. To deal with them – the leaves, wipe with a sponge dampened in a mild soap solution, rinsed with water and treated with sodium aktellika. With the defeat of aphid treated with phytoverm, derris, aktellik, decis, INTA-veer.