Drainage in the garden (the cottage)
The excess moisture on your country site, can be fatal to many vegetable crops.
Although this can be avoided by establishing drainage in the garden, and get rid of this problem.
Drainage in the country can be done in two ways: it is private to take absorbed moisture in the soil, and outdoor, it is suitable for drainage of melt and rain water.
Although experience shows that to achieve the best result possible through the combined drainage in the garden.
Creating such a system in the country, it is necessary to consider all properties of the terrain and soil, otherwise errors in the design of drainage can lead to soil drought, and make it practically not suitable for growing crops.
It would be right to use the services of specialists in this field.
An open drain in the country, as it is known, is designed to protect the soil from snowmelt and rainwater. It consists of several broad, but shallow ditches excavated at an angle, which allow excess water to flow out of your plot, and not to stagnate on it.
Well, if the excess water has somewhere to take, that is a stream, river or ravine. If the natural receiving water in close proximity is no need to produce artificial.
The volume should allow you to fit all the extra water that is diverted from your plot. Subsequently, the water can be used for irrigation or periodically have to revive her.
The principle of operation of closed system drainage in the garden area, in principle, no different from the open the only thing he is underground, at a depth of 1.5 m.
In the manufacture, through the entire plot digs a few trenches at an angle that are combined into one total, which drains water outside of your site.
Collection of excess moisture, is also or artificial reservoir or river, and so on.
In the manufacture of drainage of closed type at the bottom is filled with crushed stone with no compaction 20cm tall. The voids between the gravel the water will go.
To trench clogging of gravel poured on top of the sand layer 25 cm., then the ditch can be filled with topsoil. Cushion sand for many years is able to protect the channel from silting.
And yet to avoid errors at calculations and to create drainage in the garden, and not to violate the condition of topsoil, it is better to get advice from the experts.