Dendrobium — care at home
Dendrobium is incredibly beautiful Orchid that has a distinctive nobility.
After exploring this flowering plant are indifferent gardeners, as a rule, remains.
Orchid, or rather the breeding, you can literally «sick».
In their natural habitat, the plant is able to grow at altitudes up to two kilometers. Depending on the species of Dendrobium found in different sizes from fifteen inches to two feet.
It has a thick trunk and different, again depends on the type, the leaves can be either flat or cylindrical, smooth or wrinkled structures, from very short to elongated leaves leaves.
The shape and colour varied. However, each species is endowed with the same feature is the so – called «lip» that is formed from two fused lower sepals.
In order to grow such beauty need a lot of effort and patience. Because the plant rather capricious. However, the flowering of Dendrobium is worth it.
Since orchids have a very wide range of prevalence according to habitat, and options for care may be significantly different from each other.
The main determining factor here is the geographical origin of each individual species. However, there are General guidelines that should be followed when growing this plant.
Location and lighting
The place for flowers, choose a well-lit, avoiding direct sunlight. In winter due to the lower light, the plant needs additional world, which it is recommended to use at least four hours a day.
Contain Dendrobium is possible at room temperature. However, in order to start flowering some of them must reduce the night temperature to about twelve or fifteen degrees. The most optimal daily rate thermometer eighteen degrees.
Watering and humidity
Humidity for orchids is necessary to provide not less than sixty percent, as well as more spray, carefully observing the leaf axils.
There is in any case should not accumulate water. Watering should be once a week. The soil in the pot should have time to dry.
Feeding have to be necessary. It is better to use a liquid fertilizer for orchids. Begin to feed the plant in April and continue until September.
Transplantation and propagation
Orchids are transplanted as needed. If the roots have grown so that is not placed in the pot means it’s time for a transplant.
It is usually necessary to replant no sooner than three years. The soil mixture that will contain everything you need to plant the best to buy in a specialty store.
To propagate Dendrobium best office children. It is important to wait to baby root length of a matchbox and only then to separate it.
Pests and measures against them
Bruising can Orchid thrips, scale insects and spider mites. To protect the plant, can promptly disinfecting floral containers. Well suited for this purpose a solution of copper sulfate in a concentration of one and a half percent.
Moreover, it is necessary to regularly inspect and cull diseased plants, and use the destruction of pests by hand.
In severe cases the plants are allowed to treat it with pesticides that are allowed for protected ground. Treat better in spring and autumn.