Darlingtonia — care at home
Carnivorous plant darlingtonia California from North America, belongs to the genus sarracenia, has a very unusual appearance, reminiscent of the attacking Cobra, and therefore always attracts attention.
However, at home it is very demanding, so some growers are hesitant to plant it at home.
The plant is quite large – its leaves in length can grow up to 1 meter and inconspicuous flowers are about 6 cm in diameter.
Cultivation of darlingtonia
Location and lighting
In natural conditions found in swampy areas, so does not require too much sun, but the lighting should be moderately bright.
Direct sunlight should not affect the flower. Can tolerate some shading, and in winter in the dormant period darlingtonia can be in a pretty dark place. It is very important at this time not to disturb the plant, not to move the pot and not to change the conditions of detention.
Excessive heat is bad for darlingtonia most comfortable for her annual temperature of about 18°C.
Adult plants need a winter rest period with lowering temperature to 6-10°C. juveniles year round and kept at a temperature of 16-18°C.
Watering and humidity
Summer flower needs abundant watering. It is possible to ensure the moisture to dig the pot in a container of moist peat. In the winter the amount of water for irrigation is reduced.
If enforced period of rest, during the winter months, watering is minimal, so that the earth does not dry up. Use a soft vystoyanu water, not containing salts of calcium and magnesium.
Humidity should be moderate. To maintain the plants sprayed with soft water pooled or placed in a pan of water.
Fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers is not needed.
Transplantation and propagation
Darlingtonia transplanted every 3 years. The most favorable for the growth substrate, consisting of peat mixed with sand, charcoal and pine land. Also use a soil designed for azaleas.
Reproduction is carried out in two ways. First – using seeds. Their planting in a pot, not sprinkled on top of the ground, as germination requires continuous access of light. This method is quite complicated.
Many growers prefer to propagate the plant by division. For this spring separated stalk, root it in moist soil and then planted in a permanent place.
Pests and fight with them
This predator can harm the pests. Because it is very sensitive to the effects of chemicals to eliminate pests, use infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants, with the dose reduced by half in relation to the recommended.